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   WSAVA Bulletin
           July 22, 2020            
 
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   WSAVA Clinical Updates

WSAVA Academy


‘Because they are growing so rapidly, small things can have a big impact on their health and development.’  Learn about dealing with psittacine pediatric emergency cases in this lecture delivered by Dr Bob Doneley during #WSAVA2018 in Singapore:
 
Watch Dr Doneley's lecture here

Top 5 Complications of Gonadectomy


Gonadectomy (ie, ovariohysterectomy [OHE] or neutering) is one of the most commonly performed veterinary surgical procedures.[1-6] Check out common complications in this article by Karen M. Tobias DVM, MS, DACVS, University of Tennessee from our official practice journal, Clinician’s Brief.

Gonadectomy reduces pet overpopulation and euthanasia in animal shelters and decreases the risk for gonadal tumors, mammary neoplasia and pyometra in dams and queens, and perianal adenomas and benign prostatic hyperplasia in male dogs.[7] It may also increase longevity and reduce hormonally driven behavior.[7]
 
Although gonadectomy is considered a routine procedure, complications can arise. Following are 5 of the most common complications of gonadectomy according to the author.

1 Incisional Complications
Incisional inflammation is an expected effect of any surgery and typically resolves without treatment[8]; incisional complications, however, occur less frequently[1] and are likely underreported, as clinicians may not closely evaluate the incision line after anesthetic recovery or may not record findings they consider expected, minor, or self-limiting. Incisional complications associated with gonadectomy can include incisional and/or scrotal swelling, pain, redness, seromas, hernias, peri-incisional dermatitis, and skin bruising and generally occur more frequently in dogs >50 lb (22.7 kg) and in cats.[4,9-11]
 
Incision location may affect complication rates. For example, in a study of kittens undergoing OHE, incisional complications occurred more commonly with a midline approach as compared with a flank approach.[12] In a study of dogs, prescrotal neuters resulted in a higher rate of self-trauma than did scrotal neuters,[11] which may be attributed to scrotal neuters being performed without suture closure, thus lessening the amount of tissue handling.[10,11]
 

Figure 1: Incisional infection and dehiscence after OHE in a dog (patient orientation, head left)

Surgical-site infections and other serious wound complications that are suggestive of infection (eg, wound pain and swelling, dehiscence, drainage; Figure 1) have been reported in 0.1% to 3% of elective gonadectomies.[1,2,4,13] This rate is similar to the infection rates reported for clean, elective procedures in general (2.3%-5.7%).[14] Infection rates can be reduced by decreasing surgery duration and using appropriate surgical technique (eg, gentle tissue handling, closure of dead space).[14,15]
 
Read the full article
Check out these updates on pediatrics from our Global Educational Partners:
Neonatal resuscitation
Find out more
Pyrexia in juvenile dogs: a review of 140 referred cases
Find out more
Pediatría (Colección Veterinaria Práctica 2018)
Find out more
Fading puppy syndrome
Find out more
 Meet the Breed
Dog Breeds:  What you need to know
Staying up to date with common, let alone rare, health risks in susceptible dog breeds can be difficult.  In this regular feature, our Educational Partner, the International Partnership for Dogs (IPFD), signposts resources on a particular breed and highlights breed-specific diseases.

Meet the Welsh Corgis

  • Once interbred, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and Pembroke Welsh Corgi were developed as herding dogs. Recent genomic research confirms their grouping with herding breeds.
  • The Pembroke, more popular than the Cardigan, is the smaller of the two breeds; but there are other differences eg coat color, ear shape and tail length.
  • Corgis are surging in popularity, eg showing a revival in the UK, partly due to recent films on the British Queen, and being #10 for registrations in 2019 in the American Kennel Club. Such popularity does not always bode well for breed health, and they are increasingly used in creating designer crossbreds.
  • Overall, Corgis are a reasonably healthy breed.  In Welsh Corgis - Get a GRIHP! see further statistics for conditions of ...
Find out more
   What's new at the WSAVA?
Advising your clients on nutrition?
Check out new and updated resources from the WSAVA Global Nutrition Committee (GNC)
Find out more
WSAVA Educational Partner World Animal Protection promotes best practice in the humane management of dogs and cats in Latin America
The 2020 Animal Friendly Cities Award is open for nominations!
Find out more
Calling veterinary nurses and technicians with an interest in pain management…
You have until August 10 to apply for a WSAVA Global Pain Council Scholarship
Find out more
 World Congress
Please join us in Warsaw, Poland, from 21-24 March 2021!
New dates for #WSAVA2020

The dates may be different but #WSAVA 2020 will still be a unique and unmissable congress!  The scientific program is being finalized and you can find out more and keep up to date with the latest Congress news here.
Find out more
 Meet a Member
Meet a WSAVA Partner
Beth Green is one of the Co-founders of Brief Media, publisher of our official practice journal and Educational Partner, Clinician’s Brief
Could you briefly introduce Clinician’s Brief and Brief Media to our members?                                                                                                            Brief Media forged a partnership with WSAVA in 2013 to bring the practical, relevant clinical content of Clinician’s Brief to all WSAVA member organizations. It has been ranked the most essential veterinary publication in the United States for more than 12 years, and we have seen its global audience grow rapidly as well. As a company, Brief Media is focused on curating brands and products that help veterinary professionals around the world expand their skills, grow their practices and careers, and readily access the tools and solutions they need, wherever they practice.
 
Could you also introduce yourself and your role at Brief Media?
As CEO/Founder, I initiated the concept and then launched Clinician’s Brief in 2002 with partners John O’Brien and Toni Passaretti. Today, my role is most ...
Find out more
 Future Events
e-gneo: el congreso internacional de VeterinariosenWeb
July 22-24, 2020
Free virtual congress
ISFM International Feline Congress 2020
August 8-10, 2020
Free virtual congress
Because of the COVID-19 global pandemic, we are only including online events at this time.
Find out more about all upcoming events on our calendar
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