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July 2016
Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
At a Glance: Monthly research findings straight to your inbox

Study of one million patients shows link between type 2 diabetes and many types of cancer
Lega IC, Wilton AS, Austin PC, Fischer HD, Johnson JA, Lipscombe LL. The temporal relationship between diabetes and cancer: a population-based study. Cancer. 2016; Jul 11 [Epub ahead of print].

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Home blood pressure monitoring may be driving unnecessary visits to ER
Masood S, Austin PC, Atzema CL. A population-based analysis of outcomes in patients with a primary diagnosis of hypertension in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2016; Jul 1 [Epub ahead of print].

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Concussion triples adult suicide risk, with rates highest following weekend concussions
Fralick M, Thiruchelvam D, Tien HC, Redelmeier DA. Risk of suicide after a concussion. CMAJ. 2016; 188(7):497-504. Epub 2016 Feb 8.

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Researchers find unexpected association between younger donor age, female sex and transfusion outcomes
Chassé M, Tinmouth A, English SW, Acker JP, Wilson K, Knoll G, Shehata N, van Walraven C, Forster AJ, Ramsay T, McIntyre LA, Fergusson DA. Association of blood donor age and sex with recipient survival after red blood cell transfusion. JAMA Intern Med. 2016; Jul 11 [Epub ahead of print].

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New opioid use in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associated with increased risk of death
Vozoris NT, Wang X, Fischer HD, Bell CM, O'Donnell DE, Austin PC, Stephenson AL, Gill SS, Rochon PA. Incident opioid drug use and adverse respiratory outcomes among older adults with COPD. Eur Respir J. 2016; Jul 14 [Epub ahead of print].

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Study casts doubt on clinical significance of gadolinium brain deposits
Welk B, McArthur E, Morrow SA, MacDonald P, Hayward J, Leung A, Lum A. Association between Gadolinium exposure and the risk of parkinsonism. JAMA. 2016; 316(1):96-98.

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First issue of Data and Discovery now available
On July 6, ICES launched Data and Discovery, a new research translation product. Each issue of this e-newsletter will examine a collection of noteworthy ICES research on a shared theme. 

The first issue profiles a body of research by ICES scientist Dr. Doug Manuel, examining the impact of unhealthy behaviours on the health of Ontarians and the health care system.

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Poorer children with diabetes have more adverse events using insulin pumps despite 24-hour support

Age, dementia, and long-term care residence are predictors of lower oral anticoagulant use for secondary stroke prevention

Older recipient age and female sex associated with increased fracture risk in kidney transplant recipients

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