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Nicotine Science and Policy - Daily Digest - Wed, 27 January 2016


Ecigarettes and the gateway to smoking for young people, still no convincing evidence

Jim McManus, 26 January 2016

This morning saw a further paper, this time a longitudinal study, looking at young people in Hawai. The paper concludes that "adolescents who use e-cigarettes are more likely to start smoking cigarettes. This result together with other findings suggests that policies restricting adolescents’ access to e-cigarettes may have a rationale from a public health standpoint. " Except, unfortunately, its methods don't justify those conclusions. [...]

Smoking cessation pill no better than nicotine patches or lozenges

Researchers gave more than 1,000 smokers counseling to help them quit and randomly assigned them to receive three months of treatment with either lozenges plus patches, patches alone or varenicline, a cessation drug [...] After a year, roughly one in five smokers successfully kicked the habit regardless of which treatment they used, [...]


On Twitter, e-cigarette ads spread like secondhand smoke

"As public health researchers our job is to figure out whether people are seeing messages that might lead them to make unhealthy decisions," said Kar-Hai Chu, [...] "If an e-cigarette tweet reaches underage users and makes them curious about trying e-cigarettes, that is something we would want to know. The results of the study could help provide guidelines and advice for many potential regulations."


Changing relationships between smoking and psychiatric disorders [...]

As the risks of tobacco use become recognized and smoking becomes stigmatized, new smokers may be increasingly driven to smoke by biological or genetic vulnerabilities rather than social desirability. [...] we predicted that as rates of smoking decreased through the latter half of the twentieth century, associations between smoking and psychopathology would increase.


3 Reasons To Be Wary Of Meta-Analyses

In a meta-analysis, the scientific literature is searched, a subset of papers is selected and then a combined estimate is made. It is essentially “conducting research about previous research.” As an example, I am going to use a recent e-cigarette paper published in The Lancet, because it provocatively makes the claim that e-cigarettes makes it less likely, [...]


Mapped: States Most Vulnerable To E-Cigarette Taxes In 2016

A whole lot more states are considering new e-cigarette taxes according to Americans for Tax Reform (ATR). State-affairs manager at ATR Paul Blair writes that at the end of 2015 half the country and the District of Columbia considered taxing vapor products – up from 15 states in 2014. According to Blair, the drive to tax e-cigarette products is not about public health [...]


E-cigarettes suppress immune defenses, [...]

Researchers at the University of California, [...] report data suggesting that e-cigarettes are toxic to human airway cells, suppress immune defenses and alter inflammation, while at the same time boosting bacterial virulence. "This study shows that e-cigarette vapor is not benign -- at high doses it can directly kill lung cells, which is frightening," said senior author Laura E. Crotty Alexander, [...]


More News at NSP. . .
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