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Nicotine Science and Policy
Daily Digest - Thursday, 21 September 2017

What the New Surgeon General Should Do About E-Cigarettes

In early September, Dr. Jerome Adams, former Indiana State Health Commissioner, was sworn in as the nation’s 20th Surgeon General. [...] Having established his bona fides in harm reduction in the context of opioids, Adams must now apply them to nicotine. He can start by setting the evidentiary record straight on youth and e-cigarettes, devices that deliver a heated nicotine solution with none of the tar [...]


NHS Health Scotland: E-cigs 'definitely' less harmful than smoking

E-cigarettes are "definitely" less harmful than smoking tobacco, health bodies in Scotland have stated for the first time. NHS Health Scotland said it wanted to "clarify" confusion around the harms and benefits of vaping devices. More than 20 organisations have signed up to the consensus, which was led by NHS Health Scotland. But health chiefs said that using e-cigarettes while still smoking did not provide any health benefits.


Health officials at odds over the safety of e-cigarettes, as TV ads launched

New TV adverts encouraging the use of E-cigarettes to quit smoking are to be launched by Public Health England - just as other health officials warn there is little evidence they are safe. The new campaign, due to start next month, is the first time that the NHS has thrown its weight behind vaping on national television.


Are e-cigarettes bad for the heart? Study sheds light

The safety of electronic cigarettes is a widely debated issue. The latest research demonstrates that in people who do not smoke, they can alter heart rate variability, which is an indicator of increased adrenaline levels. [...] There is little doubt that these devices deliver fewer carcinogens to the user, but, because they often contain nicotine, conversations regarding their safety are ongoing.


Over 7 million deaths from smoking in 2016

The latest Global Burden of Disease study has calculated that 7.1 million people (7,131,380) died from smoking globally in 2016. This included 884,000 deaths due to second-hand smoke. The number of smoking-related deaths has increased by 4% over the last 10 years. The commonest causes of death from smoking were ischaemic heart disease (heart attacks), COPD (emphysema), Lung and airways cancer and stroke.


Budget cigarettes linked to higher infant mortality rates in EU countries

A study of 23 EU countries found that larger price differences between high and low priced cigarettes are associated with higher infant mortality. Scientists already know that high cigarette prices reduce smoking rates, and that levels of smoking affect infant mortality. However until now, there have been no studies to explore the link between cigarette price differentials and infant mortality.


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