News from Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
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From PIM Director
Dear Colleagues and Friends,

We have just completed a very active quarter replete with release of research products, high-level events, and momentum toward our second phase starting in January 2017. The Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) program launched a new book “Agricultural Research in Africa: Investing in Future Harvests” at this year’s Africa Green Revolution Forum in Nairobi, Kenya. Colleagues took part in the 5th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE) dedicated this year to "Transforming Smallholder Agriculture in Africa: The Role of Policy and Governance." Our gender experts Cheryl Doss and Agnes Quisumbing led the workshop on “Advanced techniques for incorporating gender in research design, data collection, and analysis for economists and other quantitative social scientists” organized by the CGIAR Gender Network. Jawoo Koo represented PIM at the workshop on “Innovative methods for measuring adoption of agricultural technologies: Establishing proof of concept and thinking about scaling up” jointly organized by Michigan State University, the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA) of the CGIAR’s ISPC, and PIM. The workshop followed the 2016 AAEA annual meeting in which I took part. Steve Franzel made a keynote address at the International Learning Event on Farmer-to-Farmer Extension in Kigali, Rwanda.  I was honored to be a keynote speaker at the Crawford Fund’s annual conference “Waste Not, Want Not: The Circular Economy to Food Security” held in Canberra in August, followed by ACIAR’s workshop titled “Policy effectiveness for food, energy, and water security in South Asia.” I also attended the 14th meeting of the Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) of CGIAR at ICRISAT in September. Our colleagues David Laborde, Bart Minten, and Tanguy Bernard held a session “International value chains in agriculture: challenges and opportunities to address gender inequalities” organized by IFPRI with support from PIM as part of the 2016 WTO Public Forum

Our phase 2 proposal was among eleven for CRPs and three for research platforms approved by the CGIAR System Council as officially announced on September 28.  Donors and investors are now reviewing the proposals in greater detail to determine the levels of funding, with conclusions expected to be announced next month.
We have completed and released our first three outcome notes featuring achievements from the program’s first phase (2012-2016), and have more in the works. 
As we conclude our work this year, we have several changes in the composition of our team. Maximo Torero, our Flagship 3 leader and director of IFPRI’s Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division will assume the position of the World Bank Executive Director for Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay starting November 1, 2016. Doug Brown of World Vision International, who has served on our Management Committee representing perspectives of the NGO community, will move on to other pursuits at the end of the year. We thank both Maximo and Doug for their tremendous contributions, and will hope to retain contact with them in their new roles. We will shortly announce steps to replace their positions in PIM.
We are very pleased to welcome Belgium as our new donor.

Karen Brooks
In this Issue

From PIM News Blog 

Award Events Research in action Training and workshops

From EnGendering Data Blog

From PIM Partners Blog

Selected Publications 

Upcoming Events >>  

From PIM News Blog

PIM social protection team receives Best of UNICEF Research 2016 award

The report Evaluation of the Social Cash Transfer Pilot Programme, Tigray Region, Ethiopia completed by a research team from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Institute of Development Studies (University of Sussex), and Cornell University was selected as one of the 12 studies awarded the prize in 2016. We are delighted to congratulate our colleagues with this achievement and are honored that this research was done as part of PIM’s Flagship 4: Improved Social Protection for Vulnerable Populations with financial support from UNICEF, FAO, HelpAge International, and Irish Aid.

Read more>

“We are all part of the problem”: Karen Brooks’ keynote address at The Crawford Fund Annual Conference on food waste and loss

"This is my fridge; we are all part of the problem", admitted our director, Dr Karen Brooks, showing the first slide of her presentation to the participants of The Crawford Fund’s annual conference this year. Titled “Waste Not, Want Not: The Circular Economy to Food Security”, the 2016 conference was just held in Canberra, Australia, on August 29-30 and focused on food loss and waste issues along the supply chain.

Read more>

As heard on radio: Karen Brooks talks at 666 ABC Canberra in advance of the Crawford Fund 2016 Annual Conference (audio)

PIM Director Dr Karen Brooks participated in Afternoons with Alex Sloan, a popular radio program on 666 ABC Canberra in advance of the Crawford Fund's 2016 Annual Conference titled "Waste Not, Want Not: The Circular Economy to Food Security". The recording of this very interesting and engaging 16 minutes with Karen and Brian Lipinski (WRI) is available at the link. 
Read more>

Discussing challenges and opportunities to address gender inequalities in agricultural value chains during the 2016 WTO Public Forum

The session “International value chains in agriculture: challenges and opportunities to address gender inequalities” organized by IFPRI with support from PIM took place on 29 September as part of the 2016 WTO Public Forum. 
Read more>

Special Event: Making Politics Work to Meet the SDGs (video)

IFPRI Special Event on September 28 explored how accountability matters for development, and how public leaders can be made more accountable for delivering upon the SDGs. Speakers included Stuti Khemani (Senior Economist, World Bank) who present the main messages of the new World Bank policy research report Making Politics Work for Development: Harnessing Transparency and Citizen Engagement and Ray Offenheiser (President and CEO, Oxfam America).  
Read more>
Research in action

LINK-ing smallholders with modern markets: three success stories

CIAT’s Linking Farmers to Markets research team counts about 50 cases of the LINK methodology use in Central America, with a few more around the world. Three new success stories were recently presented at the Inclusive Business Model Forum organized by VECO Mesoamerica, the Honduras Learning Alliance, and FUNDER as part of the AGROMERCADOS Honduras 2016, a biennial international agricultural fair that brings together public and private stakeholders in the agricultural value chain. 
Read more>

How is SPEED being applied in research?

by Alvina Erman (IFPRI)
The Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED) is a database that can help with such monitoring and analysis. SPEED is led by IFPRI and supported by the CGIAR program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM). With sector-level public expenditure data on 147 countries from 1980 to 2012, SPEED is one of the most comprehensive databases on public expenditure.
Read more>
Training and workshops

CIMMYT gathers partners to discuss biotic stress and crop model integration

by Kindie Tesfaye (CIMMYT) and Evgeniya Anisimova (PIM)
The workshop "How can we take biotic stress into consideration with crop growth modeling in maize and wheat?" was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on June 20-22. It brought together breeders, physiologists, entomologists, pathologists, modelers, and socio-economists from CIMMYT and partner organizations including Auburn University, University of Passo Fundo, and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).   
Read more>

How can we measure technology adoption at scale?

by Jawoo Koo (IFPRI)
A workshop "Innovative methods for measuring adoption of agricultural technologies: Establishing proof of concept and thinking about scaling up" was held on August 3-4 in Boston, USA following the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Agricultural and Applied Economic Association (AAEA). The event was jointly organized by Michigan State University, the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA) of the CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC), and PIM. 
Read more>

CGIAR gender research training with Penn State features PIM and RTB research on value chains

by Holly Holms (RTB)
Research and lessons learned from a collaboration between the CGIAR Research Programs on Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB), and Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM) to produce gender-sensitive tools to make value chain interventions more gender responsive have been shared during a training workshop for CGIAR gender research experts. 
Read more>
From EnGendering Data Blog

Small changes for big improvements: Criteria for evaluating indicators of gender gaps in control over productive resources

by Smriti Rao
There is an increasing need for indicators that can track the impacts of agricultural policies and technologies upon gender inequalities at the national and international levels. A recent working paper commissioned by the CGIAR Gender and Agricultural Research Network reviews the body of published research that uses such indicators and recommends a set of robust indicators that can help measure these impacts, either using data that already exist, or data that could be collected through relatively simple additions to existing national and international surveys. 

Read more>
From PIM Partners' Blogs

ASTI launches new book at global forum

Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI)
The Africa Green Revolution Forum—an international gathering of leaders from government, business, farmer groups, research, and development to help Africa realize its enormous potential for agricultural transformation—served as an ideal platform to launch ASTI’s new book, “Agricultural Research in Africa: Investing in Future Harvests.”
Read more>

Comparing cassava value chains in the global context

by Patricia Alvarez Toro (CIAT)
A well-known cassava expert once stated that “the best cassava agronomist is a stable price.”  This implies that if prices are stable for this very interesting crop, cassava producers will make better choices regarding their investment in this crop. Is this really the case?
The Global Futures & Strategic Foresight project team seeks to help answer this question among many others.
Read more>

The LINK Methodology spreads in the hands of Heifer International

by Erika Eliana Mosquera (CIAT)
Today, Heifer has adopted and thoroughly institutionalized LINK as its methodology for developing more inclusive business models, which are a strategic area for Heifer and its theory of change. The organization has also provided extensive training in the use of LINK for its technical teams working in South America, Asia, and Africa."
Read more>

Building datasets as the basis for sound policy making in Egypt: the case of CAPMAS-IFPRI collaboration

by Perrihan Al-Riffai (IFPRI)

The Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) of Egypt and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) have been collaborating for a few years. Funded by the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM), the collaboration was sealed with a memorandum of understanding signed between the two parties in June 2015. Since then, CAPMAS and IFPRI have been working to construct a series of social accounting matrices for Egypt. 
Read more>

Structural approaches and technology adoption: a new paper in Global Food Security

by Shahnila Islam
Trends in population and income growth along with climate change pose significant risks to achieving sustainable food security. As challenges to the agricultural sector grow, we need improved tools to understand the risks, and to evaluate alternative solutions to mitigate some of these risks. In order for these tools to be useful, they need to capture the reality of a sector where farmers react to both biophysical changes in crop productivity, as well as to the economic impacts from the market they face.

Read more>

Reviewing 4 years of IMPACT outreach and training

by Daniel Mason-D'Croz (IFPRI)
The current training program was originally designed to help train Global Futures and Strategic Foresight collaborators in the use of IMPACT and scenario analysis. Since its inception, however, it has also been a useful mechanism for sharing the modeling work done at IFPRI with a wider audience beyond just our collaborators within the CGIAR system. 

Read more>

WorldFish hosts future fish supply and demand scenarios in ASEAN technical meeting

Global Futures and Strategic Foresight
The workshop participants came together to validate the business-as-usual projections of ASEAN fish supply and demand to 2050, explore maximum carrying capacity for fisheries and aquaculture in ASEAN countries, identify government plans for fisheries and aquaculture in the region, and explore plausible scenarios that could be analyzed using the IMPACT model.

Read more>
Selected Publications

Book: Agricultural research in Africa: Investing in future harvests

Lynam, John, ed.; Beintema, Nienke M., ed.; Roseboom, Johannes, ed.; and Badiane, Ousmane, ed. 2016. Agricultural research in Africa: Investing in future harvests. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). 

In Agricultural Research in Africa: Investing in Future Harvests, researchers and other development specialists examine the state of agricultural research and development (R&D) in the region and how such R&D can be improved. The research is an output of Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI), led by the International Food Policy Research Institute within the portfolio of the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets. 

Read more>

Manual: The Volunteer Farmer Trainer Extension Approach: A User Guide

Kirui J, Franzel S, Kiptot E, Kugonza J, Ongadi PM, Wabwire R, Nanjekho SW, Karanja EK, Nzigamasabo B, Ruganirwa C. 2016. The Volunteer Farmer-Trainer Extension Approach: A User Guide. Technical Manual. World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi. 

The East Africa Dairy Development (EADD) Program, a project to improve the livelihoods of dairy farmers in Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, and Tanzania, adopted the Volunteer Farmer Trainer (VFT) extension approach, a form of farmer-to-farmer extension, in 2008 to increase impact. This approach is the subject of this guide.
Read more>

PIM Outcome Notes, September 2016

Three first notes in the series featuring achievements from PIM's 1st phase (2012-2016) include the following stories:


Arndt, Channing; Pauw, Karl; and Thurlow, James. 2016. The economywide impacts and risks of Malawi’s farm input subsidy program. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 98(3): 962 - 980.

Bell, Andrew R.; Ward, Patrick S.; and Shah, M. Azeem Ali. 2016. Increased water charges improve efficiency and equity in an irrigation system. Ecology and Society 21(3): 23

Hirvonen, Kalle. 2016. Rural–urban differences in children’s dietary diversity in Ethiopia: A Poisson decomposition analysis. Economics Letters 147(2016): 12 - 15.

Kandpal, Eeshani; Alderman, Harold; Friedman, Jed; Filmer, Deon; Onishi, Junko; and Avalos, Jorge. 2016. A conditional cash transfer program in the Philippines reduces severe stunting. Journal of Nutrition 146(9): 1793 - 1800. 

Kiptot, E., M. Karuhanga, S. Franzel, and P. B. Nzigamasabo. 2016. Volunteer Farmer-Trainer Motivations in East Africa: Practical Implications for Enhancing Farmer-to-Farmer Extension. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 14 (30): 339-356.

Kramer, Berber. 2016. When expectations become aspirations: reference-dependent preferences and liquidity constraints. Economic Theory 61(4): 685 - 721.

Lambrecht, Isabel. 2016. “As a husband I will love, lead, and provide.” Gendered access to land in Ghana. World Development 88(2016): 188 - 200.

Ragasa, Catherine. 2016. Organizational and institutional barriers to the effectiveness of public expenditures: The case of agricultural research investments in Nigeria and Ghana. European Journal of Development Research.

Ragasa, Catherine; Ulimwengu, John M.; Randriamamonjy, Josée; and Badibanga, Thaddee. 2016. Factors affecting performance of agricultural extension: Evidence from Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 22(2): 113 - 143.

Sheahan, Megan; Liu, Yanyan; Barrett, Christopher B.; and Narayanan, Sudha. Preferential resource spending under an employment guarantee: The political economy of MGNREGS in Andhra Pradesh. World Bank Economic Review. Article in press. First published online on August 28, 2016.

Tesfaye, K., Kai Sonder, Jill Cairns, Cosmos Magorokosho, Amsal Tarekegne, Girma T. Kassie, Fite Getaneh, Tahirou Abdoulaye, Tsedeke Abate, and Olaf Erenstein. 2016. Targeting Drought-Tolerant Maize Varieties in Southern Africa: A Geospatial Crop Modeling Approach Using Big Data. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 9 (A): 75-92.

Tesfaye, Kindie; Zaidi, P.H.; Gbegbelegbe, Sika; Boeber, Christian; Rahut, Dil Bahadur; Getaneh, Fite; Seetharam, K.; Erenstein, Olaf; Stirling, Clare. Climate change impacts and potential benefits of heat-tolerant maize in South Asia. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. First available online Sept. 14 2016.

Williams, Colin C.; and Shahid, Muhammad S. Informal entrepreneurship and institutional theory: Explaining the varying degrees of (in)formalization of entrepreneurs in Pakistan. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development: An International Journal 28(1-2): 1-25.

Yang, Y. C. Ethan; Ringer, Claudia; Brown, Casey; and Mondal, Md. Hossain Alam. Modeling the agricultural water–energy–food nexus in the Indus River Basin, Pakistan. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. Article in press. First published online on August 22, 2016. 
Upcoming Events
3-6 October 2016, Cameroon
7th GFRAS Annual Meeting: The Role of Rural Advisory Services for Inclusive Agripreneurship
PIM co-organizes a side event “Developing a “Last Mile Agenda” for African Agriculture: Turning Knowledge into Farm-Level Impact through Innovation at Scale” (jointly with AFAAS, Irish Aid, and Teagasc.

10-11 October 2016, Rome, Italy
Meeting of the CGIAR Evaluation Community of Practice.          
Frank Place will attend.

12-14 October 2016, Rome, Italy
Meeting of the CGIAR Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning Community of Practice
Frank Place and Pascale Sabbagh will represent PIM.

1-4 November 2016, Cali, Columbia
CGIAR Gender and Agriculture Research Network annual meeting 2016 (at CIAT)            
Cheryl Doss, Patti Kristjanson, and Ruth Meinzen-Dick will represent PIM.

8 November 2016, Washington DC, USA
Global Futures and Strategic Foresight extended team meeting

9-10 November 2016, Washington DC, USA
PIM extended team and Science and Policy Advisory Panel (SPAP) annual meeting

15-17 November 2016, Ibadan, Nigeria
Integrated Systems ‘Marketplace’: Engaging with Agri-food Systems in systems research
Workshop organized by the CGIAR Research Program on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics in partnership with FARA and other CGIAR research programs. Frank Place will represent PIM.

12-14 December 2016, Montpellier, France
International Conference on Agri-Chains and Sustainable Development: Linking local and global dynamics
PIM is helping plan the agenda of the conference and will sponsor several participants. Karen Brooks and Maximo Torero are members of the Scientific Committee. Read more>>

Check Upcoming Events on the PIM website for more information >>
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