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Distant Drums Make You Aware – Being Aware is Half the Battle

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   From the editor: We sincerely hope you find value in the news and conversations happening on a monthly basis from around the buffalo-world. If you know someone that wishes to be in the loop, feel free to direct them to www.allaboutbison.com for a free subscription to the Buffalo Drum. The Buffalo Drum is a non-profit newsletter for the purpose of awareness and knowledge for the benefit of customers, constituents and frie​nds of Frasier Bison LLC. 
   
Sincerely, Tim & Rhonda Frasier
                          Frasier Bison LLC.  




November 2015


The contents provided here are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of Frasier Bison L.L.C

If you have Association news you'd like to share, please email us. 
 SEP 16 1858 RICHMOND DISPATCH, VIRGINIA
          
 


CHANGING THINGS UP A BIT. NEWS WILL BE SORTED BY:

STATE, COUNTRIES, LEGISLATION, MISC. ECOLOGICAL
, FOOD & RECIPES , YELLOWSTONE AND ASSOCIATIONS   (as the news comes in)
KANSAS
 
 
 
Bison graze on hay in a holding pen as part of the Konza Prairie Biological Station's annual roundup. During the event, workers weigh animals ...


 
 
 
COLORADO

A herd of genetically pure bison will be released to the Northern Colorado plains next month, bringing an end to a yearslong effort to return home a ...

 
 
 
Kiowa elder John Emhoolah recounts the history of the Native American ... Before the Laramie Foothills Bison Conservation Herd moved from the ...


 
 
 
Working with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Colorado State University "scrubbed" Yellowstone bison semen and embryos of brucellosis, "creating ...


 
 
 
North American bison adjust their diet seasonally in order to take full ... future implications for management and conservation of bison in Colorado and ...
ILLINOIS 

 
 
 
Bison heading to the gate and out into the northwest pasture area in the great experiment at Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie. Credit: Dale Bowman.


 
 
 
FRANKLIN GROVE (WIFR) – The bison herd is growing at Nachusa Grasslands. Bison were first brought to the nature conservancy just over a year ...


 
 
 
7, I figured we should see Nachusa and the bison afterward. Good call for Steve Palmisano, Peter Lamar and myself. We met Heneghan and fellow ...
MINNESOTA
 
 
 
Blue Mounds State Park near Luverne in southwestern Minnesota has a bison herd. They also were reintroduced to Minneopa State Park at Mankato ...


 
 
 
MANKATO — Joe Wannarka made his first visit to see the new bison herd at Minneopa State ... (Bison have an aversion to wolf-like looking animals.).


 
 
 
Brian Peterson, Star Tribune The bison at Blue Mounds State Park wallow in a dust bowl to keep cool and rid themselves of pesky bugs during the hot ...
        JUST PLAINS FUNNY

          
www.ieaegan.com
MONTANA
 
 
 
More than 100 Native American students and their parents gathered with legal officials in the Great Falls Federal Courthouse on Monday morning for a ...


 
 
 
“We worry about the wild elk and bison in Yellowstone and Teton and within our surveillance area in Montana, Idaho and Wyoming.” Northwestern ...
 
 
SOUTH DAKOTA

Bison roam on the highway near a lodge and campground in Custer State Park. I made a late fall trip to South Dakota in 2008. Now you don't need to ...
 
 
 
 
She travels to different auctions throughout the year for her company, North Star Bison, but says the buffalo she gets from Custer are some of the best.


 
 
 
FORT PIERRE, S.D. (AP) - Stanley County commissioners have approved a feedlot at a bison ranch owned by media mogul Ted Turner. Bad River ...


 
 
 
A lone bison surveys his kingdom in one of the Tri-State Museum's new temporary exhibit “Bison: Lords of the Plains” that runs until January.
 
ALASKA

 
 
 
The bison, which the researchers nicknamed "Bison Bob," dated to 40,000 years ago and still had some fur on it. A research paper published Monday, ...


 
 
 
Initially, Maniilaq officials figured they had to get USDA approval. ... address such game as moose and caribou, just buffalo, bison and elk, Kreil said.

 

 
 
FAIRBANKS — The Tanana Valley Sportsmen's Association will hold a presentation about the Wood Bison reintroduction project with Alaska ...
 

Jaime Pinkham, a former leader who worked on co-management policies for salmon, bison and traditional plants in the Pacific Northwest, gave the ...
UTAH
 
 
 
(ANTELOPE ISLAND IN WINTER A lone bison crosses the snow-covered road that leads to White Rock Bay near the northern tip of Antelope Island.


 
 
 
Charity Gibson, park naturalist, will discuss the history of bison in the United States, their decline and comeback. Bison are the island's most famous ...
 
 
WYOMING

The scene is set either in the Sweetwater River valley or more likely in Yellowstone National Park and addresses the potential extinction of the bison ...


Another image of a bison that crossed in front of Hermanson's car pays homage to Warhol and his work portraying endangered species. It's a tight shot ...
KANSAS
 
 
 
Buyers must pick up the bison the day of the sale or make arrangements with the refuge manager prior to the sale. Animals become the buyer's ...


 
 
 
Technically, it's a bison auction, but if you're buying, “buffalo” will work just fine. ... The refuge hosted its 37th annual bison auction on Wednesday.
IDAHO
 
 
 
Fossilized remains of a giant sloth and an ancient bison were discovered ... Officials from the Idaho Museum of Natural History — the state's federal ...


DRIGGS, Idaho — The Teton Geotourism Center (TGC) will open a new ... Porcupine, American Bison, North American Moose, and Rocky Mountain ...
TEXAS
 
 
 
By Claire Osborn - American-Statesman Staff ... Experts at a paleontology open house at the University of Texas told him they were bison bones.


 
 
 
Writing in “The Texas Rangers: A Century of Frontier Defense” Walter ... Adobe Walls resulted only in checking for a short while the killing of the bison.
CALIFORNIA

 
 
 
Visitors can explore the park, which has farm animals and a herd of American Bison, as well as hiking trails and picnic grounds. Take a step back in ...


 
 
 
Speaking of animal sightings, drop by Golden Gate Park's buffalo paddock to see the family of American bison who call the park home. 10. Grab a ...


 
 
 
In 1993, workers excavating the Pansini Building at 549-555 Pacific Ave. unearthed bones of three Colombian mammoths and a giant bison, in what ...
OKLAHOMA
 
 
 
Perry Collins, a ranch hand, tends to bison at the Tallgrass Prairie Reserve, in Osage County, on Thursday, Nov. 5, 2015. CORY YOUNG/Tulsa World.

 
 
 
Oklahoma City — The Oklahoma City Zoo has announced the death of 11-year-old bison Lovey. In recent days Lovey had exhibited a loss of appetite ...


 
 
 
Annual bison roundup Tallgrass Prairie Preserve ranch hands sort and count bison of the Joseph H. Williams Tallgrass Prairie Preserve during last ...


 
 
 
Bison on the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in northeastern Oklahoma live a quiet life. Most come into contact with humans just once a year. November is a ...


 
 
The class was honored and treated with a tour of the Quapaw Tribal Museum followed by a delicious lunch of Indian tacos made with bison meat and ...
Southern Plains Pointers: Nov 2015

Checking boxes:


 Tis the season to check boxes as you make plans for addressing the health, both financial and physical, of your herd and their habitat. If you would rather refer to their habitat as a farm or ranch, I’m fine with that, but at the end of the day it’s a habitat for many living things, including your bison.

  One of the most important box checking exercises should happen before you ‘work’ the herd.  If you have self-audited the functionality of your handling system in past works, it serves you well to re-visit what you’ve documented and leave enough time to make improvements. Don’t get hung up on the word audit, you can call it a list-of-problems or anything that means: documentation. If you do not self-audit, you might consider it, because you will be amazed what you see and how easy it is to improve. An example of this might be a place in the handling system that the bison consistently make contact with, or hit when they are being worked. Addressing this can be as easy as using cardboard and zip ties to experiment with, to tarp or other ‘opaque’ materials secured to that location. I contend that humane-function serves the business-end of animal operations of any kind, but even more so in bison operations. When addressed and achieved, the efficiency of the operation is upgraded on all levels. Here’s the punch-line - it’s unbelievably easy to do… 

  Another box to check is feed inventories. This correlates directly with culling decisions, selling decisions and the advantage of resources being ‘bought right’, or conserved, as opposed to being caught short and costing too much. With our extreme weather realities this year, meaning water, there is a trick to considering what hay may actually be worth this year in the southern plains more than in normal years.  Feed inventories can also mean standing forage, either cool-season and green, or warm season standing hay depending on your situation. Personally; I am likely to examine my feed value and shoot for a functional level of nutrition that fits my objective. For example; if I am over-wintering bred females, my herd requirements are different than growing young bison. If my objective is to create a perfect environment in which every year is a good year, I need to know what I have, this year, and balance it. The objectives of the model dictate the management and the bison will respond perfectly, as bison, if their needs, as animals, are met. Therefore; another good box to check as you head into winter, is establishing or identifying what your model objectives are.   

  Your bison are getting ready to over-winter. Their health and your business plan are connected. The boxes you check will have everything to do with success, both theirs and yours. 

Frasier Bison L.L.C.
IDAHO
 
 
 
A 12-foot Columbian mammoth tusk has been unearthed in Idaho and ... She said the most recent discovery is a prehistoric giant bison, and is ...


Taxidermy animals such as a Gray Wolf, Cougar, Porcupine, American Bison, North American Moose, and Rocky Mountain Goat will be featured.
 
 
 
Since the 1850s, wildlife has survived in good numbers, but some species, such as grizzly bear, salmon and bison, have been wiped out while others ...
ARIZONA

If approved, the Grand Canyon Bison Management Act would require that the U.S. Dept. of the Interior and the Arizona Game & Fish Commission to ...
 
 
 
Many say the bison should be relocated outside park boundaries, where they can't harm protected wildlife, geology and archaeological sites.
MASSACHUSETTS 

Nearby, a visitor walking quietly past the bison and the Conestoga wagon can find voices: "I am poor and naked, but I am chief of a nation " says Red ...
IOWA

You've heard of worker bees, but what about a herd of worker bison? It's a new reality at Hickory Hills Park Wildlife Sanctuary near La Porte City.
ARKANSAS 
 
 
 
GRANT COUNTY, Ark. - Damage caused by Tuesday's storms moving through Arkansas allowed eight bison to escape their pasture fence in Grant ...
NEBRASKA

 
 
 
Dave Klingelhoefer/Watertown Bison Ranch – Amherst, Nebraska: “The bulls – especially the bulls. They're so majestic. They just…the way they walk, ...


 
 
 
The posters depict the Niobrara River, Sandhill cranes, bison, fossils and other natural Nebraska highlights. “When you experience some of these ...
 
 
MISSOURI

He once found a thoracic bison vertebrae — the big hump bone — on the Kaw, about a quarter of a mile from Kemper Arena. Fossil hunting can be ...


Visitors will have an opportunity to join a park naturalist at Prairie State Park near Mindenmines on a guided bison hike. The hike will begin at 1 p.m. ...
For the love of Texas Bison and Texas Wine
by Dan Humphries ~ Bull Dancer Bison Ranch

As a bison rancher that sells grass fed bison meat and also products in the wine industry I just want to share the excitement in the Texas Wine industry about the paring of Texas Bison Meat and Texas Wines.  I have worked with many Texas Wineries in supplying bison meat with wine parings for special events.  I now am excited to share with Bison Ranchers some of the Texas Wines recommended with your favorite Bison Meat recipes.

Wine paring recommendations for the Bison Tenderloin Filet recipe below from the National Bison Association Food Insert from the July 2016 Bison World magazine and wine is from the Pelle Legna Vineyards in Tyler, TX.

 Dawn Leatherwood is the Proprietor & Wine Maker and her 2011Bilancia will pair beautifully with this recipe. It may not be available in your area but you can order at http://pellelegna.com/products/2011-bilancia .

Bilancia (Bee - lahn' - cha) is Italian for "balance".  This estate wine is aged for 22 months in new French and American oak to create a fusion of black cherry, violets, cracked pepper and crushed blueberries.
Bilancia is ~ 66% Cabernet Sauvignon, 25% Syrah, 9% Merlot, Zinfandel and Sangiovese. 

Bison Fillet with Maple Nut Brown Beer Mushroom Demi Glace
and Potato Purée with Roasted Anaheim Chilies
                                                 



Serves 2
Ingredients-Potato Puree: 1 pound baking potatoes, medium starch and mealy like Idaho ¾ cup cream or milk, hot ¼ cup butter (cut into ½ inch cubes, left at room temperature) salt and pepper to taste 2 ounces (1/3 cup) roasted Anaheim or poblano chilies or a blend, small diced

Ingredients-Roux & Bison: ¼ cup flour 2 tablespoons butter 2 8-ounce bison fillets

Ingredients-Sauce: 2 tablespoons olive oil 2 tablespoons unsalted butter 1 shallot or equivalent size onion, diced 2 cloves garlic, minced 1¾ cups Cremimi mushrooms, thinly sliced
¼ cup Tommyknockers Maple Nut Brown Ale 1 cup bison or beef stock (more if needed) 1 tablespoon heavy cream or cold butter chunks salt and pepper to taste

Directions-Purée: • Peel and cut potatoes into 1” cubes. Place in a pot of cold water. • Bring water and potatoes to a boil, then add salt. Reduce to simmer and cook until tender. Be careful not to hydrolyze (saturate with water) the product by over cooking. • Drain the potatoes; then place on a baking sheet. Dry in a 350º oven for a few minutes. • Purée potato cubes in a food mill or ricer. If available, pass through a tamis for a super fine purée. • Flavor with hot cream or milk, room temperature butter, and roasted chiles. • Season with salt and pepper.
Directions-Roux & Bison: • Combine flour and
butter in a pan. Melt. Cook to blonde and set aside. • Season both sides of bison fillets with salt and pepper. • In a medium saucepan, heat the olive oil for the sauce over high heat. Once hot, add the bison and sear until golden brown, about 3 to 4 minutes per side. Remove from the pan and finish cooking bison in oven until internal temperature reaches 130˚F.

Directions-Sauce: • Reduce the heat in the pan to medium and melt the butter. Add shallots and garlic and sauté until translucent. • Add mushrooms and sauté until the liquid is evaporated and the mushrooms are tender, about 8 minutes. • Deglaze the pan with the beer by adding it to the pan while scraping pan bottom and sides of the browned bits. Simmer to reduce the beer by half. • Add the bison stock to the pan and simmer on low. • Add ½ of the roux and bring sauce to a boil. • Finish with cream or cold butter. • Adjust seasoning if needed. • Serve potato puree and bison fillets with the sauce.
 
NEW YORK

Horses now roam 40 acres east of Lake George, once home to Daryl Bessler's elk, bison and yak. This week, eight yak set off for new territory, with the ...
MONTANA

Montana's bison hunt is set to open Nov. 15 in areas in southwestern Montana near Yellowstone National Park. The annual hunt attracted more than ...
 
 
 
More than 10,000 individual applicants applied for a limited number of either-sex bison licenses, but only 69 residents and three non-residents were ...


We were a lot more interested in her than she was in us, I'm afraid. Gertrude was one of the 1,800-pound bison we encountered on a snowshoe trek ...
 
 
 
The road system began with trails worn by Natives following bison herds, improved by Montana's first road engineer, John Mullan of Mullan Trail fame, ...


 
 
 
The National Park Service (NPS) and the State of Montana (Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks and the Montana Department of Livestock) announced ...
CANADA
 
 
 
The winter bison hunting season is open in southwest Yukon and wildlife managers are hoping hunters will put a healthy dent in the growing herd ...


 
 
 
Officials at Elk Island National Park are asking for the public's help in identifying one or more poachers after two of the park's bison were shot and ...


 
 
 
Alberta Fish and Wildlife officers are looking for someone who shot and killed a grizzly and two bison in two different incidents in the province.

 
ISTANBUL, TURKEY
 
 
 
“We have a material, and we are recently getting the results of the examination on it. It shows that the European bison [bison bonasus] was in Istanbul.
NETHERLANDS
 
 
 
In the dunes near the urban centre of Randstad in the Netherlands roams a group of European bison, part of a unique project aimed at returning this ...
CZECH REPUBLIC
 
 
 
Milovice, Central Bohemia, Nov 27 (ČTK) — Environmentalists will release seven wisents from Polish nature reserves in the wild in Milovice, a former ...
POLAND

 
 
 
The bison herd is being rebuilt in the park after being hunted to extinction during World War I. Culling from a few dozen bison found in zoos, a herd of ...
 
Legislation

 
 
 
The resolution is linked to a movement called Vote Bison, located at ... beard, real or fake, to help “celebrate the American icon and its impressive fur.”.


 
 
On Tuesday, the Gallatin County Commission signed a deal with the bison group that forces it to disassemble some of its tents and a garage. The deal ...

 
 
 
The commemoration was organized by the Vote Bison Coalition, a group of more than 50 organizations, tribes and businesses led by the Inter-Tribal ...
MISC.
 
 
 
They include 12,000-year-old moose antlers, steppe bison bones, mammoth tusks and bones, a muskox skull and several horse leg bones. Pamela ...


When land-hungry settlers nearly wiped out the bison on the Great Plains in the 1880s, killing millions in a few years and forcing the starving ...

 
 
 
He also owns the largest private herd of bison — more than 51,000 head — which he uses to supply his Ted's Montana Grill restaurants. He recently ...


 
 
 
No bison are killed for their wool. Instead, United By Blue uses animals that are sustainably raised on an open pasture for their meat. Harvesting the ...


 
 
 
A watercolorist who paints scenes from the American West, Hurley is largely revered in the genre as the best bison painter in the nation.

 
 
 
 
5) The bison hunt, using 3,500 bison, 20 wranglers, 24 bareback Native American stunt riders, and 150 extras, took three weeks to film (with seven ...

But some of the photographs for which Brian is most well known are his nature shots: bison calves frolicking in the meadow at Blue Mounds State Park ...

 
 
 
The lightest moments come when he finally joins a T-Rex family trying to recover their herd of rustled bison. He gets some warm fatherly advice from ...  :)


 
 
 
One of her favorite motifs is the American bison, which she portrays through thick coatings of pigmented beeswax on top of black-and-white photos.


 
Ecological 


National Bison Day is an annual celebration of the ecological, cultural, ... by train from the Bronx Zoo to Oklahoma's Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge.

 
 
 
You've heard of worker bees, but what about a herd of worker bison? It's a new reality at Hickory Hills Park Wildlife Sanctuary near La Porte City.
(also under Iowa)


Tom Duenow says he started the business 3 years ago when he saw manure piling up on a bison ranch and thought of the idea to compost the ...
 
 
 
They included the American bison, elk, beavers, white-tailed deer, wild turkeys, passenger pigeons and Carolina parakeets. Several species of ...
Food and Recipes 
 
 
 
Last week, in honor of the return of American bison with distinctive ... "Buffalo (aka American Bison) is still a specialty meat and expensive, as it is ...

 
 
 
But American bison meat is a low-fat choice for gourmet burgers, and here it is on the menu one of Tucson's finest resort destinations, the Ritz-Carlton ...


 
 
 
Rayburn's Gold Room hosts the 4th annual Congressional National Bison Day Reception, featuring crowd-pleasing bison sliders, booze and a ...


Native American owned restaurant introduces new menu items ... Patrons can choose their meat (ground beef, grilled chicken, ground bison or ...

 
 
 
Tocabe, an American Indian Eatery will provide food on Sunday, November ... and a frybread cracker topped with shredded bison and green chilies.


 
 
 
Traditional foods, such as yucca and bison, are believed to protect against ... To exacerbate the issue, numerous Native American reservations are ...

 
 
 
Bison is all-American. There are people who refer to it as buffalo, but bison are not related to the Asian or African buffalo. The American Bison only ...


 
 
 
Bison short rib pastrami ($19) could also have been called pastrami-style cured bison short rib, but by any name it was a carnivore's stand-out, ...


 
 
 
The Burger: This upscale steakhouse specializes in big hunks of meat and wild game, but it also turns out a popular bison burger that's remained ...


Buffalo meat (bison) is available in Riverdale. Stop & Shop always has it, ground, in a one-pound package. The diners have bison burgers. When I ...

 
 
 
“The menu will bring in a food concept that nobody has called the bison burger with buffalo chips — it will be our theme dish.” Customers will be able ...


 
 
 
Your regular meats are offered: beef, pork, chicken, and turkey… but have you tried bison, lamb, rabbit, or duck? Your friends may think you are odd ...


 
 
 
And this week, news came out that charred meat is associated with an ... Bison meat, for instance, “is not marbled and that makes it naturally lean,” ...


 
 
 
The bison and chicken were both heftier portions, but with well-considered flavors and accompaniments. The flavors on the first plate were of fall and ...


 
 
... diners to sample the turkey leg and sous vide breast, along with an American bison short rib crusted with walnut praline demi and bone-marrow flan.


 
 
 
Best of all, Premier Meat products can be delivered both locally and ... prime cuts of beef, poultry, pork, lamb, seafood, and even bison and venison.

 
 
 
... Beckman corporate headquarters just off Idaho 44 near the Boise River. ... Go ahead and splurge, like I did, on a pan-seared bison strip loin ($44), ...


 
 
 
Frog legs, bison burgers, gator, rabbit. It's all for sale. The only additional information on the sign is a phone number. Lowder has no website, ...
Yellowstone

 
 
 
The relationship between FWP and landowners has fallen on hard times. Blame bison management in Montana, foisted on the department by the feds, ...


 
 
 
The Forest Service says the 538-acre parcel is valuable habitat for grizzly bears, bison, elk, mule deer and Yellowstone cutthroat trout. Gardiner ...


Like most people, I enjoy watching herds of bison in Yellowstone National Park, and get a thrill when I get a close look at one standing alongside the ...


The first reason: We all care about bison. The second: None of us want to pass on an impaired habitat to future generations. This letter is a call for a ...
 
 
 
Bison birth control is just one of the tools in the fight against brucellosis that a group of .... Another potential tool in the USDA's kit is bison breath. Bison ...


 
 
 
Huge herds of bison and elk milled throughout the grasslands, while osprey soared above. And we still hadn't even entered the park. Our tour followed ...


 
 
 
Bison solution. This is offered as a remedy for buffalo overgrazing the Lamar Valley in Yellowstone National Park: Reintroduce overproduction of YNP ...


 
 
 
FILE - In an April 24, 2012, file photo, a herd of bison are on the Fort Peck ... Yellowstone National Park proposes to kill roughly 1,000 wild bison this ... 19, 2015, with representatives of American Indian tribes, the state and other ...

 
 
 
Millions upon millions of public tax dollars have been spent killing and harassing Yellowstone bison, which are much loved by the American public ...


 
 
 
Yellowstone officials have backed down from their expected quota for bison management this year—scrapping the proposed number entirely in fact.


 
 
 
Although most of the park is in Wyoming, it extends to Montana and Idaho, and Montana has been vehement in its desire to keep bison away, even ...


 
 
 
Yellowstone National Park's bison population has grown to about 5,000 animals. Park and state of Montana officials are in the process of devising a ...


 
 
 
A herd of bison graze in the Lamar Valley in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, in this June 20, 2011, file photo. On average over 3,000 bison live ...

There are NEW things happening - our Website has been upgraded with new graphics and format, and our E-Newsletter has a focus on mainly Alberta and BPA information (with the CBA E-Newsletter offering the national perspective). 


The BISON SHOW & SALE is "Coming Back" For The 2016 Wildrose 

Great Days for the BPA at Red Deer's Agri-Trade
The Bison Producers of Alberta once again had a booth at this mammoth Agricultural Trade Show in Red Deer with nearly 500 other exhibitors - but we have never had so much interest in our industry!

BPA Chair Attends Luncheon with Swiss  Ambassador and Alberta AG Minister 


Know Your Bottom Line
Ivan Smith of Big Bend Ranch and Big Bend Markets
  • Always factor all operating costs into your prices
  • Balance passion with profitability
  • Don’t make the lowest price your main selling point
 National Bison Association 

USDA Denies NBA Request 
For Bison Eligibility Under ELAP

 
National Bison Association Executive Director Dave Carter today expressed "deep disappointment" over the U.S. Department of Agriculture's denial of the association's request to have Mycoplasma bovis death losses in bison herds deemed eligible for compensation under the agency's Emergency Livestock Assistance Program.
 
The NBA issued the request to USDA Farm Service Agency Administrator Val Dolcini during the association's annual legislative Roundup in Washington, D.C. in September.
 
In a letter received by the NBA this week, the FSA said that two criteria must be met before any disease can be considered eligible for livestock death losses under ELAP:
 
  • Disease is caused or transmitted by vectors; and
  • Vaccination or acceptable management practices are not available for the disease, whether or not they were or were not implemented. 
The FSA letter said that the agency did not feel that the disease met the eligibility established under ELAP.
 
Carter said the NBA will be looking to appeal the FSA decision.
 
 
 
Copyright © 2015 Frasier Bison L.L.C., All rights reserved.


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