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Distant Drums Make You Aware – Being Aware is Half the Battle

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   From the editor: We sincerely hope you find value in the news and conversations happening on a monthly basis from around the buffalo-world. If you know someone that wishes to be in the loop, feel free to direct them to www.allaboutbison.com for a free subscription to the Buffalo Drum. The Buffalo Drum is a non-profit newsletter for the purpose of awareness and knowledge for the benefit of customers, constituents and frie​nds of Frasier Bison LLC. 
   
Sincerely, Tim & Rhonda Frasier
                          Frasier Bison LLC.  



Aug 2014


The contents provided here are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of Frasier Bison L.L.C

If you have Association news you'd like to share, please email us. 
 Aug 1847   
 Buffalo heifer, four years old last spring. She is probably stolen, full blood Buffalo, blind in the near-side eye, with the ends of her horns sawed off.. Any person who will return the buffalo, with or without the thief, or give information where she can be had, shall be liberally rewarded. (stock photo)

Why Bison Do It All-Natural
After an extremely close brush with extinction in the late 19th century, American bison have made an unusual sort of comeback, almost entirely in ...
YELLOWSTONE
Why Is Anyone Opposed to Reintroducing American Bison to the Wild?
Over time, and with serious conservation efforts, some bison populations ... strong opposition to the plan to bring back this iconic American mammal, ...
 
Yellowstone seeks comment on proposed quarantine program for bison
BILLINGS, Mont. — Yellowstone National Park is seeking public comment on a proposal to capture and quarantine wild bison so disease-free animals ...
 
Bison Quarantine Proposal Open For Public Comment - Yellowstone Insider
China's River of Blood, Invasion in the Amazon, Where the Buffalo (May Soon) Roam
Tatonka time: If the U.S. Department of the Interior gets its way, bison could once again roam across Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Nebraska, and ...

View: Study of Yellowstone can enrich Yonkers
That was in the Bison Management Department, where the biologists keep track of the herds that spend much of the year in the park but also cross into ..

.Wyoming: Viewing Wolves in Yellowstone National Park
Bison are the most prominent large animals you can find in Yellowstone. ... than this Yellowstone, located mostly in the northeast corner of Wyoming.

Citizens' report should help steer bison management
We, as Montanans, have a responsibility to try to right some of the appalling history of the treatment of the American bison. During the past 150 years, ...
 
 
 
Yellowstone recommends removing about 900 bison
BILLINGS, Mont. (AP) — Yellowstone National Park administrators are recommending the removal of roughly 900 bison next winter through hunting, ...

Bison blockage
Nearly 200 cars backed up in both directions Sunday as bison walked onto a road winding through the Hayden Valley of YNP.
 
 
 
Park service estimates 4900 bison in Yellowstone
(AP) - National Park Service officials say aerial surveys have found the estimated bison population in Yellowstone National Park is 4,900 animals.

Public Input Sought On Bison Quarantine Proposal
The National Park Service is seeking public comment regarding a plan to consider a quarantine program for Yellowstone bison. Parks Spokesperson ...

Rarest Native Animals Find Haven on Tribal Lands
Yellowstone bison were released at the Fort Belknap Reservation in Montana in 2013. Native American tribes have created a host of programs to aid ...

MSU student tackles thorny issue of Yellowstone buffalo
Growing up in Florida did nothing to prepare Eddie Roqueta for spending hours in the cold of Yellowstone National Park making a film on bison last ...

Proposal gives most National Bison Range management to CSKT
Proposal gives most National Bison Range management to CSKT ... It's been nearly four years since a federal judge in Washington, D.C., struck down ...
National Bison Range offers driving views of 325 bison ranging freely through large fenced enclosure
The National Bison Range is a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service refuge for about 325 to 500 American bison, also known as buffalo. It covers more than ...
US Fish and Wildlife Service releases draft environmental assessment for proposed annual
“Both citizens and Tribal members with an opinion on how the National Bison Range will be managed are invited to comment on the draft ...
 
 
Bison graze at the National Bison Range in Montana, July 2014
national bison range sign 1 MOIESE, Montana — In 1908, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, a formidable conservationist, laid aside the National ...Tribal Co-management of Bison Range Again Considered
The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes' 20-year effort to co-manage the reservation-based National Bison Range moved forward again this ...
Boys find bison skull in area creek
Keygan Lund, 11, of Morgan was out with his friends last Saturday afternoon, searching for minnows in Purgatory Creek west of Franklin. Two of ...
Fossils in them there hills: Yukon gold miners uncover bounty in ancient animal remains each year
In the process, the ancient soil is also expected to turn up more than 2,000 pieces of ice age moose, bison, beavers, mammoth and camels. Some of ...
 
 
ATCO Blue Flame Kitchen: Give bison a try
There's much to love about bison, the other red meat from the Canadian prairies, and it's not surprising that more and more cooks are discovering its ...
"The Secret Life of Weeds"         Aug 2014

    One person's weed is another person's wildflower.  Some may consider weeds as a vile curse, others may see them as simply a nuisance.  How do you see a weed?  Typically a weed is best defined as any plant growing in the wrong place which obviously makes for a broad subject to discuss.  We try to grow crops, livestock or landscapes for our purposes and these unwanted visitors pop up and free-load from us.  Maybe they have something to say.
     Weeds are typically categorized as perennials or annuals.  The annuals have an amazing ability to pop up in massive numbers under their preferred conditions and outpace the growth rate of 'desireable crops'.  Perennials are more pernicious because they come back from the roots year after year, tangling, choking and smothering what we want to grow.  The reflex can be to let the magic genie out of the bottle with herbicide, of course this often results in unintended consequences.  Getting a comprehensive understanding of the weeds you're facing along with their lifecycles and roles in the ecosystem yield more sustainable results.
      Many weeds are 'indicator species', that is, when they are present they indicate certain conditions such as compaction or nutrient deficiencies.  Others are 'dynamic accumulators', they have the ability to seek out and accumulate needed nutrients from deep in the ground and bring it back to the active topsoil layer.  Still others specialize in covering the ground quickly to protect the soil surface from sun and erosion.  In nature, succession is the process of transitioning species from disturbance to climax community.  Many weeds are 'pioneer species', that is, the first to grow on disturbed ground (like when we plow).  As the soil improves, higher quality plants will take root and this process continues until a new disturbance event.  Our modern tillage agriculture works against nature so if we cultivate crops, we need to use effective cultural techniques.  Moving to perennial polycultures and managed grazing systems is the best way to mimic nature.  We can supercede weeds with succession.
Many weeds offer decent forage value but may not be considered choice by our livestock.  Increased stocking density with rotational grazing and multiple species of livestock orchestrated through the landscape offers many solutions.  Many weeds also offer great value to wildlife.  Weeds with toxic or thorny characteristics may need to be addressed with specific techniques.  Mowing at specific intervals or during flowering is often effective at keeping many annual weeds to an acceptable threshold population.

Ben Tyler
South Dakota vet confirms anthrax in bison herd
The South Dakota Animal Industry Board (AIB) has reported the first cases of animal anthrax in a bison herd today. State Veterinarian Dr. Dustin ...
Official: Anthrax found in bison, no food concern
... domesticated bison on ranches in the country. But experts say there is little need to be alarmed because the threat to humans is minimal in the U.S. ...
Recipes for roast moose and grouse, duck and bison appetizers, venison burgers
Here are some recipes to try featuring wild game. They were developed by outdoor enthusiast Jeff Morrison, author of "Canadian Wild Game ...
Video: Environmental Themes Dominate Film at Montreal First Peoples Festival
They range from Buffalo Calling, an animated short depicting the history of the bison in Canada—it did not go much better for them north of the 49th ...
Coolest Logos Tournament: Summit League
South Dakota State has a pretty aggressive looking jackrabbit, which ... The bordering state of North Dakota has a heavy-breathing bison that looks ...
Minneopa and Flandrau State Parks Interpretive Programs
American Bison at 7 p.m. - As the largest mammal on the Great Plains, millions of bison once roamed all over North America and played an integral ...
Bison pepper steak with okra tapenade
Prepare steaks by tenderizing with a fork or jaccard. Season both sides with kosher salt.. In a small bowl whisk the wine, olive oil, agave, ...

VIDEO
Photography In The National Parks: Avoid Those Bison (And Other Wildlife) Jams
Bison madness is in full swing in Yellowstone National Park with snorting, groaning, spitting, bison bulls chasing the girls (cows) down the roads, ...
Raising bison hard but rewarding work at Empire Buffalo
“We figured if we could handle winters in Milwaukee, we could handle Upstate New York,” Randolph said. “Joe was always fascinated by bison, so we ...
Hutchinson Zoo plan includes a focus on bona-fide bison
John Wright, new zoo director, talks about the layout of the zoo and the ... helped create the society's forerunner - the New York Zoological Society.
Summer Adventures in North Dakota: Theodore Roosevelt National Park, bison and 'Badlands ...
Roosevelt first made landing in the area clear back in 1883, when he made the trip to North Dakota to hunt bison. It wasn't until April 25, 1947, though, ..
.
North Dakota in celebration mode
... the “Buffalo Commons” movement started where some wanted North Dakota to go back to prairie as a reintroduction of sorts for the American bison.
The 'Wild West' experience during bison round-up
ONCE upon a time, the North American prairie was home to between 30 million and 60 million bison. Great herds roamed the grasslands, providing ...
Elk Island National Park to host bison festival
They're calling it a “celebration of conservation, culture and cuisine,” and that's an apt description of the province's first bison festival, said the chair of ...
Celebrating bison
About 1,000 Plains and Wood bison live in the park. | Mary MacArthur ... Bison first came to the national park in 1907 from a protected herd in Montana.

 
 
 
Cookbook highlights wild game, a quintessential Canadian delicacy
Duck teriyaki, left, and bison bites, right, are appetizers that will give first-timers a taste of wild game without overwhelming them. Photo: THE ...
New agreement proposed to share bison range management between government, tribes
HELENA, Montana — The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has proposed a new agreement to share management of the National Bison Range with ...

National Bison Range has room to roam, enjoy dust bath for Montana bison herd (video)
The National Bison Range in Montana tells the story of how bison were saved. Part of it involved a Montana native from the Pend d'Oreille Tribe who ...
Wild Bison License
The Wyoming Wildlife-The Foundation's (WW-TF) is auctioning a wild bison license to benefit the Laramie County Library System. The license will be ...
Wood Bison to be Re-Introduced in Alaska
Juneau, Alaska – Governor Sean Parnell announced Tuesday that work will begin early this fall to prepare to restore wood bison to the Alaskan ...
Genesee Park getting more bison overlooks, park improvements
A bison calf rests in tall grass Aug. 1 at Genesee Park in unincorporated Jefferson County. Denver Mountain Parks will start adding overlooks and ...
White Buffalo born in Forest County
ARMSTRONG CREEK – A white plains buffalo was born in Forest County at Armstrong Creek Bison. An albino buffalo with pink features happens one ...
Great Falls, Missoula, Charlie Russell's masterpiece in Helena; only in Montana (photos)
The last days of free roaming bison put an end to that practice in the 1870s. The jump isn't as famous as the Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump in Alberta ...
Grand Canyon rethinks destructive bison overpopulation
Plans call for 19 bison from the overpopulated Grand Canyon North Rim to join this herd in the House Rock Wildlife Area of the Kaibab National Forest ...
Commission passes bison gut-pile rule
Fish, Wildlife & Parks commissioners this week approved rules that require hunters to help with bison cleanup. The commission had already set the ...
 
 
Wyoming cave dig unearths bones of ancient horses, cheetahs and bison
“We found evidence of bison, a bit of gray wolf and quite a lot of cheetah and horse,” she said of the first of three planned annual digs, which ended on ...
Interview and photos: National Geographic photographer and Oklahoma native Joel Sartore is ...
National Geographic photographer Joel Sartore recently photographed the American bison Mary Ann at the Oklahoma City Zoo, for his ongoing Photo ...
Reward offered for killer of pet buffalo
About a month ago, it would have been normal for him to see Precious, his 9-year-old pet buffalo, watering at the trough of a nearby barn on his ...
Difference between bison and buffalo
Why: The familiar lyrics "Oh, give me a home where the Buffalo roam" is simply poetic license. There are no indigenous buffalo in North America.
Blind bison needs a new home on the range
Jessica Reed and Mohamed Tabib stop to pet and take pictures of Helen Keller, a 14-year-old blind American bison, that lives in NE Salem on ...


Effort to move bison stalled; going to Plan B
11, the Statesman Journal wrote the first story about the plight of Helen Keller, a blind bison who lives just north of Salem. The story was written to help ...
Wisente in Deutschland Scheuer wilder Zottel
Ob es aber gelingt, dem Europäischen Bison zumindest einen Teil seines ursprünglichen Lebensraums zurückzugeben, hängt von der Bevölkerung ...
From Daydream to Dream Job: Jackson Hole Buffalo Meat Co.
They ate the meat and used the hides for teepees and clothing. But instead of forcing bison to follow them -- as Europeans had done when they ...
Cherokee Nation increases operating budget, asks for surplus bison
The Tribal Council also authorized the tribe to receive 1,000 pounds of bison meat from the InterTribal Buffalo Council in South Dakota, which would ...
Tribe requests IHS help to build Tahlequah hospital
U.S. Army veteran Richard Acorn is honored during the Aug. ... for the development and required expertise needed for American Bison husbandry.
The council unanimously approved a resolution to receive 
35 to 50 head of bison through the Intertribal Buffalo Council
in Rapid City, S.D. The ITBC is a cooperative of 57 
Native American nations with more than 15,000 head of bison.
 
 
Bison Operations to Get Closer Look in New USDA Study
USDA's National Animal Health Monitoring System in the next few weeks will launch Bison 2014, the first-ever national study of the U.S. ranched-bison ...
Agribusiness Update for Friday 08/15/14
USDA’s National Animal Health Monitoring System announced the launch of Bison 2014 in the next few weeks.  Bison 2014 is the first-ever national study of the U.S. ranched-bison industry.  The hope is to increase knowledge and understanding about the characteristics, health and management practices, and challenges facing bison operations in the United States.  The data will come from U.S. ranched bison producers.  USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service will send producers a questionnaire and materials describing the study.  Producers are asked to complete and return the questionnaire within two weeks.
Where the buffalo roam: Herd of 15-20 bison escapes pasture, now roaming Tamarac Refuge
The bison haven't been especially aggressive, but they are unpredictable and people should be cautious around them, just like they would be around ...
Minivan collides with bison on County Road 143
“There continues be domestic bison on Tamarac Refuge,” Visitor Services and Environmental Education Manager Kelly Blackledge Kelly Black ledge ...
Bison owner says he tried to wave down woman arrested for DWI before crash
A woman was arrested for DWI after she hit a buffalo that wandered into the roadway. Additionally, the passenger of her vehicle was arrested for ...
Property rights conference to feature bison, grouse, and water compact; An update from Senator ...
Property rights conference to feature bison, grouse, and water compact; ... You may be surprised that Montana State legislators are only paid for the ...
Boys, bison and buffaloes
Now, I usually try to take the grandsons to a place both entertaining and educational. It turned out this bison ranch fit the bill on both fronts.

Blackfish Bison Ranch, Winchester, KY
Don't call them buffalo!
The first week in August not only brought the Logan County Fair to town, but it also marked the return of the annual Bison Days children's programs at ...

(Bison Days participants prepare to spear a bison during Sitting Bull's Bison Hunt Challenge. (Courtesy photo))
 
 
FWP supervisor counts bison among career successes
Pat Flowers, Fish, Wildlife & Parks Region 3 Supervisor, will be retiring after 31 years working in Montana state offices, 15 of those years as supervisor, ...
Santa Fe Days at Maxwell Wildlife Refuge
The tour director will be giving facts and information about Maxwell and the bison. 2. Following the tour, a Mexican-style meal, including taco salad or ...
 
 
Pueblo Zoo announces birth of baby bison
The Pueblo Zoo announced Friday that its family is growing again with the recent birth of a baby bison. Cody Junior, or CJ, was born on August 1, ...
Car hits bison in Scott County
According to the Missouri State Highway Patrol, there are 18 bison running loose on HH Highway. As of 11 p.m. on Friday, troopers were trying to ...
Flagstaff History: Buffalo Park bison attracted 4000 visitors a week
Buffalo Park (and its new bison) is averaging 4,000 visitors in a week. James Potter, president of the Chamber of Commerce, believes this adds at least one additional meal in our restaurants and probably a second night in a motel for most out of town guests.

V
IDEO 
Bison Fall and Rise in 'Buffalo Calling'
Still from 'Buffalo Calling,' which tells the tale of bison in Canada. The unique artistry of Mitchell Poundmaker, rendered into animation, lends a ...
Ranch thrives on diverse land use
Nestled in the heart of the Niobrara River valley in Rock County is Laughing Water Ranch, a family-owned, 5,000-acre working bison and cattle ranch ...
 
 
Waterman Wildlife Addition Completed Adjacent To Prairie Heritage Center Near Sutherland ...
A special signage ceremony will take place during the upcoming Bison Burger Picnic and Lawn Concert on Tuesday, August 19. The short ...
NT Government gives all clear for North American bison to hit Top End campdraft circuit
Avid campdrafters will now be able to bring North American bison into the Northern Territory following changes in biosecurity legislation. The NT ...
How far would you go for free barbeque?
That's what the Bison Bar & BBQ is offering. The Dublin eatery on Wellington Quay will give winners of their competition "14 hour slow roast beef ...
A healthier hot dog: Bison Dog with western Wisconsin connection among new foods at this year's ...
But one concessionaire hopes his new hot dog made from bison meat will entice people to eat healthier while supporting a local farm.
 
Baby bison delight at Port Lympne
“We've recently teamed up with other institutions in the Europe to reintroduce European bison to the Carpathian mountains, so these new girls are a ...
Aug. 20 SayersBrook Bison Ranch: A thriving business
The 2,500-acre SayersBrook Bison Ranch in rural Washington County is both a thriving business and home to founders Skip and Connie Sayers.
Meat treats for tailgates at farmers market
Fill your coolers with bison steaks, preformed patties or fully cooked hot dogs, such as those from Nebraska Bison (nebraskabison.com) and Polish ...
TOPICS: Bison takes exception to being an attraction
IF Jaimie Abbott thought running for office was scary, well, she'd be right. But so is the bison that confronted the former Newcastle candidate last week ...
 
 
Why Wyoming is doing bison right
Wyoming's official state mammal, the bison, appears smack in the middle of the state flag. Is there something macabre about encouraging ...
Farmers Market Focus: Healthy alternative — bison meat
WISCONSIN RAPIDS – Despite a dark and rainy atmosphere, Wood ... That included Ione Hausler of LowLand Bison Ranch, out of Stevens Point.
More bison and elk farmers needed to meet high demand 0
Linda Sautner, operations manager of the Bison Producers of Alberta said the bison industry is going through similar problems as other industries ...

CANADA
Take action to prevent anthrax in cattle, bison
Cattle are susceptible, as are other species including bison and horses. It is considered a zoonosis, which means humans can contract it. Fortunately ...
Bison Study
In recent years the bison industry has gone from zero to 60 in very little time. What was once a mighty herd had dwindled to only a very few but the ...
Parabellum Is Opening Its First-Ever Store, and Offering Exclusive Projects and Collaborations
Parabellum was founded in 2008 and works almost exclusively with American bison leather and offers a range of beautiful products in this rugged and ...
Home (improvement) on the range: Caprock Canyons opens 10K acres to bison herd
A bison crosses the prairie below the Caprock escarpment at Caprock ... “Ted Turner's ranch in New Mexico is 660,000 acres and has a lot of bison, ...
Syracuse pub offers local beef, bison and brew
SYRACUSE - If the Black Bison Pub was located on a busy corner of Syracuse, New York, a line would form outside the door every night with people ...
Wild Game Brings Bison Burgers and Big Screens to CenPho This Fall
Just in time for football season, CenPho is getting a new bar and grill equipped with a 120-by-65-inch dual projector. That means we predict a lot of ...
 
 
Hear Elk Bugling at Elk & Bison Prairie
elk GOLDEN POND, Ky. (8/22/14) — Every fall, beginning in September, mature bull elk in the Elk & Bison Prairie at Land Between The Lakes begin ...
Two Baby Bison Calves Roam Around the Dakota Zoo
Lincoln says the bison are originally from the Theodore Roosevelt State Park. He says the calves will be taken to another facility in the fall.
Enhancements at Prince Albert National Park 
“Parks Canada is working to enhance bison habitat, improve bison viewing and visitor experiences in Elk Island and Prince Albert national parks and ...
New farmers market, new model comes to Taos
Juanice Romero, left, an assistant with the Mobile Matanza, and Tiana Suazo, Taos Farm Stand Market creator, bag produce and frozen bison stew ...
Howling in Aspen
Bison populate the ranches, and Turner explained why. He said that growing up, he learned that 30 million bison at one time grazed on prairies of the ...

Ted Turner is interviewed by Sally Ranney at the American Renewable Energy Day.
        
Things you didn't know about red meat
But what you don't know about meat can actually hurt you. ... When you do indulge, opt for lean types of red meat, like bison, as well as lean cuts of ...

How to cook grass-fed meat
How to cook grass-fed meat: The lean cuts need special attention to get ... Grass-fed beef and bison, pastured pork and poultry, and lamb and goat are ...
National Zoo to reveal names of American bison
WASHINGTON (WUSA9) -- The Smithsonian National Zoo is expected to announce the names of their two female American bison on Wednesday.
Hopeful bison farmer not letting obstacles deter her
The woman from Heatherton has been working away on her goal of starting the JNJ Bison Company for the past four years. She has invested her own ...
(Canada)
White Buffalo Day: Unity in a World Divided
White Buffalo Day is a fine example of a widely unknown miracle as it ... The White Buffalo story and the tradition that comes with it is central to the ...
Former local event revived
A popular gathering to celebrate all things buffalo will be revived this weekend. The Michigan Bison Bash, formerly known as the Buffalo Bash, will ...
PERRY: Aurora's Plains Conservation Center gives farm-to-table cuisine a kick in the grass
The only thing more amazing than the fauna on the Colorado plains is the variety of wildlife in the region. Foxes, coyotes, bison and dozens of species ...
PRATTE: Bison escape another 'Only-In-Hemet' event
There are not many Southern California cities where police respond to reports of roaming bison, a street is closed and officers, using sirens and ...

 
How to Draw an American Bison
 
How to draw a American Bison – quick step-by-step tutorial. Amazing American Bison coloring pages for kids.
Photo du Jour: The Lone Bison
 
Feature Shoot ⋅ Ellyn Ruddick-Sunstein
On his journey, Casey came across herds of bison, animals used often to symbolize the American spirit. Knowing the tragic history of the American ...
 
 
Romania: The return of the European bison
We encountered the herd of European bison (Bison bonasus) 100 yards away in a forest clearing near Armenis village. Staring towards us in docile ...
Minneopa bison herd arrival delayed a year
MANKATO — The plan to bring bison to Minneopa State Park has been officially approved, but time ran out for hopes of bringing them to the park this ...
Visitors go wild for wild bison on Bornholm
“People came from everywhere to see the rare European bison that roam freely around the terrain,” Søren Friese from Naturstyrelsen, the nature ...

Denmark
Pesticides in feed blamed in deaths of animals at Sofia Zoo
The animals that died included a camel, a bison, a gaur, two ibex and several cows. The feed was supplied by a Sofia company. Reports said that an ...
Visitors can get hands-on with Alta. history
She said the area was considered neutral territory so natives could safely gather here to hunt in the late fall and winter and process mainly bison for ...
A new generation cares for ancestral land
In 2012, Speak Thunder drove a livestock trailer in a convoy from Yellowstone National Park that returned genetically pure bison to tribal land in ...
 Southern Plains Pointers Aug 2014
A Time for Questions – Not Answers!

  Many bison herd-managers and owners, feel that they are winding up the breeding season and are; pretty much ‘bred-up’ by now. If the largest percentage of the calves come in late March and April, this could be an accurate assessment of your situation. However if more calves are born to the herd in mid-May and June, then the math ‘don’t match’ for the herd to be ‘bred up by now’, or yet. September conceptions = May & June calves. The gestation period of North American bison is credibly conveyed as between 270 and 300 days, with one study in the North stating with accreditation 285 days, which is of course exactly between 270 and 300 days – to the day… 
  If you’re after a strong calf-crop in the southern plains, you better stay busy through September! Our neighbors to the North will likely have the bulk of their cows covered in July and August, so why is that? One possible question to that question is; does my herd feel like eating, breeding or doing anything but existing when the heat index is 115+ during the day, with no relief through the night? It gets damn hot in the north, but quite often cools off at night compared to the stickier southern plains reality. You will find; that when the nights begin to cool off, you will notice more tending behavior during the day, and that begins to happen toward the beginning of September = mid-May and June red-dots…
  Another question is; are my cows in shape and on the gain for ‘breeding-up’? A question for that question is; what are their nutritional realities during August and September? If the answer is; they have lots of grass, there are too many questions for that answer to cover, but one might be; is the grass any good? Personally I like feeding for calves, and if I let my herd hustle, I’m gonna pick winter because bison are really good at getting through winter. Inevitably when I check on a herds condition that has been advised to ‘feed for calves’, I find and ‘end’ or subordinate group within the herd that is not shaping up or looking bloomy enough to be considered ‘on the gain’. This, like so many other things in bison-management, comes down to behavior and in this situation, places at the table. It becomes key to the success of ‘feeding for calves’ that you observe the competitive behavior during feeding. Simply putting out the right amount for the herd does not necessarily address the nutritional requirements of the entire group, which includes the subordinate animals as well.  This behavioral factor also applies to free choice supplementation as the herd moves through feeding stations.  
 Question: Are you feeding them? - Answer: Are they all getting the feed?
  The only answer that really matters will come from the bison.  

Tim Frasier
Frasier Bison L.L.C.
         From the NBA:
 
Soaring Meat Production Threatens Global Environment, Warns Report : read full report
(From Businessweek.com) 
 
Dr. Richard Raymond to be Keynote Speaker for 2014 BIO Livestock Biotech Summit
(From PharmiWeb.com) 
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