Administered and run by the Royal Marines the MOLCAB is a Royal Navy Mobile Landing Craft Advanced Base.
The MOLCAB played an important part in the army's crossing of the Rhine.
Royal Marines made up a large part of the force, 36 Landing Craft were positioned for Operation Plunder (23 - 27th March) moved over land from Antwerp by 'Dragon Wagon' tank transporters all hidden by the largest smoke screen ever laid from 16th March
Craft are patrolling and bridge building along the Rhine and have brought prisoners across to the western bank.
The force is under the command of Captain PGH James, RN, and all personnel live under canvas in the Reichswald Forest, Germany.
Working with the Royal Engineers landing craft tow bridge sections into place and facing downstream supporting then as they are fixed together and the bridge constructed.
After taking Karachi HMS Wellesley then went up the Persian Gulf to Bushire, where the Persians were holding up the Residency.
Captain Ellis and 50 Marines were sent in the boats on 25th March to a landing place 8 miles from the Wellesley, where the boats opened fire which was not returned, and the detachment landing quickly the Persians fled; 1 Sergeant and 2 Privates were wounded.
They then occupied the Residency and brought off the Admiral and Residency staff.
Captain Ellis and 30 Royal Marines were left there until 30th March, when they brought off the Resident.
Welcome to the Royal Marines a Geo History Podcast telling the oral histories of former Royal Marines.
The aim is to provide more depth to my online map and blog which attempts to record and plot some of the diverse history of the Royal Marines from 1664 to Present day, subjects based on Personal Histories, Unit Histories and Actions, Historical periods, includes RM People, Combined Operations, VC's and selected memorials.
In my first Pod I chat to Ron Knight
Ron Knight joined the Royal Marines in 1948 and served in North Korea manning a 4" gun on HMS Belfast and then swapped drafts to service in the jungles of Malaya with 45 Commando, he left the service after a period on Nelsons flag ship HMS Victory.
Not resting on his laurels he ran 38 Marathons, including the first London event and after retirement worked as a volunteer for the NHS supporting patients as they underwent major eye surgery, even now at 90 Ron is volunteering at a COVID vaccination center 3 days a week.
I hope you will enjoy listening and be inspired by Ron as he tells of his life of service and reminds me that 'Once a Royal Marine, Always a Royal Marine'
Regiment/Corps: Royal Marines
Born: Friday, July 30, 1948
Died : Saturday, March 8, 1975
Killed in action or died of wounds
Cemetery/Memorial: Armed Forces Memorial
Captain William Marshall RM was seconded to the Sultan of Oman's Armed Forces Jebel Regiment.
The helicopter he was travelling in an Agusta-Bell AB206, serial 604 of the Sultan of Oman's Air Force (SOAF) with a British crew was on a reconnaissance flight when it was shot down by small arms fire near the village of Hijayf ("Hagayif").
The pilot, Squadron Leader Peter Llewellyn Davis ,SOAF, is buried in the Mina al Fahal Christian Cemetery, Muscat, Plot 24, also lost was Captain Michael Shipley Royal Anglicans.
"Captain W. N. Marshall, Royal Marines, and Captain M. G. A. Shipley, Royal Anglians, volunteers serving on loan with the Sultan of Oman's Armed Forces, were killed in the Dhofar province of Oman on 8th March. The helicopter in which they were travelling was shot down by rebel small-arms fire. The third person killed in the incident was not a member of Her Majesty's Forces although he had previously served in the Royal Air Force."
[Source: Response in Parliament by the Defence Secretary Mr Mason ref. Hansards HC Deb 14 March 1975 vol 888 c249W.]
Note. Rank shown as stated by the Secretary of State for Defence above. The AFM ROH shows his rank as Lieutenant. The rank of Captain may be local to his service in Oman.
I wonder if any one remembers Captain Marshall RM, I would very much like to tell his story and have a picture of him so we can celebrate his career as well as remember him.
The Battle of Latema Nek was a battle of the East African Campaign in World War I, the force included No 9 Field Battery Royal Marines – four 12-pounder naval guns manned by Royal Marines and drawn by oxen, who rushed the enemy and helped to deliver the final blow.
On March 11 Lieut-General Smuts decided that a frontal attack on the German positions at Latema-Reata should commence. The troops used for this attack were approximately 1,500 men from Brigadier-General Malleson’s 1st East African Brigade: 130th Baluchis, 2/Rhodesia Regiment and 3/KAR. Reconnaissance made during the morning of the 11th did little to inform the units of the enemy’s defenses that were concealed along the crests of the two hills.
3/KAR and the 130th Baluchis started to advance by noon, but were held up by enemy fire at the foot of the hill. Their leader, Malleson, left the field at 2:30 pm suffering from dysentery. His place was taken a short while later by Major-General Tighe who had just returned from his success in taking Salaita Hill. He deployed additional troops some of which were able to reach the crest of the hill. During this push Colonel B.R. Graham, of 3/KAR was killed, along with several of his officers and askari, as he led the advance. The Rhodesians pushed forward through the 3/KAR forces and held ground at the crest of the ridge until the Germans launched a strong counter attack. In the evening the 5/ and 7/South African Infantry commenced a night attack with bayonets. During the night communication amongst the various troops was lost. Smuts ordered Tighe to withdraw, but when day broke it became clear that British troops including some members of 3/KAR and the 2nd Battalion Rhodesian Rifles were still on the ridge.
Once Smuts realized that he still had men out in the field, he ordered the 8/South African Infantry and No. 9 Field Battery to rush forward from Taveta. This activity precipitated the German retreat from the two hills.
Although the British had succeeded in occupying the Reata and Latema Hills and clearing the way for the push into German East Africa, this was just the beginning of a prolonged pursuit of the enemy that continued for hundreds of miles through German East Africa into Portuguese East Africa and didn’t end until after the signing of the armistice.
The Silver Drums in memory of the 143 ranks of the Band Service who lost their lives in the Great War were paid for by voluntary subscriptions from all ranks of the Royal Naval School of Music and were dedicated in Eastney on the 5th March 1921.
'In Memory of the one hundred and forty-three WOs, NCOs and men of the RM Band Service who lost their lives in the Great War, 1914-1918, whilst serving in the following ships and theatres of war:
HMS Bulwark; HMS Monmouth; HMS Inflexible; HMS Lion; HMS Natal; HMS Invincible; HMS Indefatigable; HMS Queen Mary; HMS Cornwallis; HMS Vanguard; HMS Glory; HMS Monarch; HMS Carnarvon; HMS Caesar; HMS Princess Royal; HMS Britannia; HMS Conqueror; Drake Battn, RND Gallipoli; West African Frontier Force. Presented by voluntary subscriptions from their comrades'
A rededication of the drums was conducted by the Royal Marines Band on 5th March 2021.
Operation Claymore was a British commando raid on the Norwegian Lofoten Islands during the Second World War. The Lofoten Islands were an important centre for the production of fish oil and glycerine, used in the German war economy.
The landings were carried out on 4 March 1941, by the men of No. 3 Commando, No. 4 Commando, a Royal Engineers section and 52 men from the Norwegian Independent Company 1.
Supported by the 6th Destroyer Flotilla and two troop transports of the Royal Navy, the force made an unopposed landing and generally continued to meet no opposition.
The original plan was to avoid contact with German forces and inflict the maximum of damage to German-controlled industry. They achieved their objective of destroying fish oil factories and some 3,600 t (3,500 long tons) of oil and glycerine.
The British experienced only one accident; an officer injuring himself in the thigh with his own revolver[ and returned with some 228 German prisoners, 314 loyal Norwegian volunteers and a number of Quisling regime collaborators.
Through naval gunfire and demolition parties, 18,000 tons of shipping were sunk. Perhaps the most significant outcome of the raid was the capture of a set of rotor wheels for an Enigma machine and its code books from the German armed trawler Krebs. German naval codes could be read at Bletchley Park, providing the intelligence needed to allow Allied convoys to avoid U-boat concentrations.
Lieutenant R L Wills sent a telegram to one, A Hitler of Berlin, from the telegraph office at Stamsund. "You said in your last speech, German troops would meet the British wherever they landed. Where are your troops?"
Lord Lovat and some of his men took a bus to a nearby seaplane base. The commander of the base later complained about the "unwarlike" behaviour of the Commandos and undertook to report accordingly to the Fuhrer!
In the aftermath, the evaluation of the operation differed, with the British, especially Winston Churchill and the Special Operations Executive, deeming it a success. In the eyes of the British the main value of such actions was to tie up large German forces on occupation duties in Norway.
Martin Linge and the other Norwegians involved were more doubtful of the value of such raids against the Norwegian coast but were not told of the value of the seized cryptographic information. Following Operation Claymore, the Norwegian special operations unit Norwegian Independent Company 1 was established for operations in Norway.
You said in your last speech, German troops would meet the British wherever they landed. Where are your troops?
Lieutenant R L Wills sent a telegram to one, A Hitler of Berlin, from the telegraph office at Stamsund.
The Battle of Abukir of 8 March 1801 was the second pitched battle of the French campaign in Egypt and Syria to be fought at Abu Qir on the Mediterranean coast, near the Nile Delta.
The landing of the British expeditionary force under Sir Ralph Abercromby was intended to defeat or drive out an estimated 21,000 remaining troops of Napoleon's ill-fated invasion of Egypt. The fleet commanded by Baron Keith included seven ships of the line, five frigates and a dozen armed corvettes. With the troop transports, it was delayed in the bay for several days by strong gales and heavy seas before disembarkation could proceed.
Under General Friant, some 2000 French troops and ten field guns in high positions took a heavy toll of a large British force disembarking from a task-force fleet in boats, each carrying 50 men to be landed on the beach. The British then rushed and overwhelmed the defenders with fixed bayonets and secured the position, enabling an orderly landing of the remainder of their 17,500-strong army and its equipment. The skirmish was a prelude to the Battle of Alexandria and resulted in British losses of 730 killed and wounded or missing. The French withdrew, losing at least 300 dead or wounded and eight pieces of cannon.[
The Royal Marines detachments of about 30 ships were formed into a battalion of just over 600 strong (all ranks), and landed on the Saturday 12th March.
This battalion was attached to the 3rd Brigade under Lord Cavan. on the 13th the British advanced in two lines with the object of turning the French Flank.
The Marines owing to their too great eagerness to get to close quarters with the enemy, suffered severe loss. Both officers and men greatly distinguished themselves, and charged the French so repeatedly and with such determination and gallantry that they earned for themselves the cognomen of “The Bulldogs of the Army”.