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December 10, 2014
High School Science Newsletter #9

Data is typically the result of measurements and can be visualized using graphs or images.  
Data does not require life support to function and does not register a bio-signature.  
Data is limitless and present everywhere in the universe.

- gathered via Instagrok

Adapted from NGSS Appendix F and A Framework for K-12 Science Education (PDF pages 76-78)

Data is the evidence collected during an experiment. The data is then analyzed and interpreted by representing it in the form of tables, graphs, pictures and/or diagrams and then discussing that representation. Scientists analyze data as a way of making meaning from their investigation and may use the data to support their conclusion.

Data is also important for engineers who may use data collected from a prototype before arriving on a final design. Analyzing data in engineering can lead to improvements in design, creation of alternatives and identification of problems.

Below is a summary of how Analyzing and Interpreting Data progresses from K-12th grade:

Grades K-2

Grades 3-5

Grades 6-8

Grades 9-12

Analyzing data in K–2 builds on prior experiences and progresses to

collecting, recording, and sharing observations.

Analyzing data in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and

progresses to introducing

quantitative approaches to collecting data and

conducting multiple trials of qualitative observations. When possible and feasible, digital tools should be used.

Analyzing data in 6–8 builds on K–5

experiences and progresses to extending

quantitative analysis to investigations,

distinguishing between correlation and causation, and basic statistical techniques of data and error analysis.

Analyzing data in 9–12 builds on K–8

experiences and progresses to

introducing more detailed statistical

analysis, the comparison of data sets for consistency, and the use of models to generate and analyze data.

Below are NGSS performance expectations that incorporate Analyzing and Interpreting Data.

Students who demonstrate understanding can:


Analyze data to determine if a design solution works as intended to change the speed or direction of an object with a push or a pull.


Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.


Construct and interpret graphical displays of data to describe the relationships of kinetic energy to the mass of an object and to the speed of an object.


Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.

More resources:
NGSS Crosscutting Concepts: Learn the basics about the major shifts NGSS will bring to science education. Explore the NGSS Crosscutting Concepts through a series of hands-on and interactive activities. Engage in productive dialogue around these big ideas as a way to make connections in science and to your classroom practice. Register on Cornerstone. Email Katie Tobin or Claudia Scharff with any questions. Tuesday, January 20, 4:30-6:30pm, Science Resource Center at 2055 Sunnydale, 4:30-6:30pm. Extended hour pay is provided. 

The SFUSD Science Safety Bulletins have been published in response to questions and comments that we received during the Safety Training Workshop during the Secondary Science PD Day on August 14, 2014. The Bulletins were generated by SFUSD's Office of Risk Management and include accurate information regarding the following topics:

Please keep a copy of these files for your records and review them as a science department. In addition to this newsletter, the bulletins can be found on our SFUSD Science website, We will continue to provide additional bulletins around safety in the science classroom as the need arises. We welcome your questions and concerns. For questions, please contact Bonnie Daley (Middle Grades) or Katie Tobin (High School).


Free and Compensated
  • BioLink Depot Supply Giveaway: The CCSF BioLink Depot is having an open house to give away truckloads of materials donated by local science & technology companies. Registration & rules here and directions hereSaturday, Dec 13, 10am-2pm.
  • Grants Galore! Tons of opportunities to get funding for your classroom or your professional development:
    • ACS-Hach PD Grant: HS chemistry teachers can request up to $1500 for their own professional development. Apply here by Monday, 12/15.
    • NSTA's Shell Science Lab Challenge: up to $93,000 for 18 schools to makeover their science labs. Apply here by Thursday, 12/19.
    • Herb Society Grant: up to $5000 for supplies, materials, & consumable products to enhance a garden with herbs. Apply here by Wednesday, 12/31.
    • Vernier Engineering Contest: $5500 prize for secondary teachers using Vernier probes. Apply here by Thursday 1/15. 
  • Ocean Exploration Aboard the E/V Nautilus: Want an amazing opportunity to connect Ocean Science & STEM ideas to your classroom curriculum? Apply to be a Science Communication Fellow with E/V Nautilus, the only ship in the world that has the mission to EXPLORE. Aboard the ship, you will be a part of the the Corps of Exploration that investigates everything from underwater mud-volcanoes & deep-sea coral communities, to ancient ship wrecks & more! The E/V Nautilus will be docked at the Exploratorium in the coming years & teachers from SFUSD are being asked to apply to be Science Communication Fellows (due December 19) aboard the ship (an incredible opportunity that is FREE for teachers). There are additional positions for college students and graduate students as well (due January 16). High school sophomores can apply for the Honors Research Program (due January 30). In this program, students spend the summer at the University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, plan a research project with their team, and then travel to E/V Nautilus in order to execute the project. For more information, please contact an alum of the program & SFUSD TSA Eric Lewis about the opportunity.
  • NASA’s SOFIA Airborne Astronomy Ambassador Program: teams of 2 (one member must be a 6-12 science teacher) can apply to observe an operating astronomical facility first-hand and interact with scientists, engineers, and flight crew for an 8-10 hour flight aboard the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 747SP aircraft dedicated to astronomical research at altitudes up to 45,000 ft. The week-long program will tentatively take place in May, June, or Sept 2015 in Palmdale, CA. All expenses (including substitutes) are included. Apply here by Monday, December 22 at 11:59pm PST.
  • Spring 2015 PD/Externship Opportunities: Mission Bit continues its SFUSD Teacher Professional Development and Externship Program with the objective to assist high school CTE, Computer Science, math, and science teachers with advancing their skill set through programming content acquisition and providing an opportunity for teachers to use this acquired knowledge to create and/or evolve lessons, units or projects for their respective students. Deadline to complete online application: January 9, 2015. Learn more about this PAID externship opportunity here.  
  • CA Science Teacher Association: want to help shape the policy and path that this outstanding state-wide science professional development organization will follow? Have the opportunity to review and support legislation that benefits good science teaching and teachers as part of the CSTA Board of Directors. Many positions open - information & application here. Apply by Saturday, January 31.
  • Saturday Speaker Series: For the past four years, SFUSD Division of Curriculum and Instruction has collaborated with CRLP to provide an opportunity to connect practitioners and researchers in a professional learning setting. This series is open to all PK-12 teachers, IRF's, coaches, administrators, paraprofessionals…all who are interested in cutting edge approaches to serving English Language Learners. More information here.  
    • January 31, 9am-noon: Kate Kinsella
    • February 28, 9am-noon: Jeff Zwiers
  • Education & Agriculture Together Workshop: a four day/three night program that combines classroom instruction and hands-on, in-the-field experience immersing the participants in the vital world of agriculture. The program provides lodging with local farm families to enhance personal exposure to farming and dairying, furthering participants' understanding of the economic relationship between the local Ag economy, the state, the nation, and the world. $50 deposit and teachers receive $100 stipend & curriculum at program's end in addition to lodging & some meals. Various summer dates, apply soon as some sessions are already full. Program is in Hanford or Tulare. More information & application here.
  • Teacher Workshops at the Cal Academy: Information & registration for all workshops here. $15 for most workshops. More workshops on the website.
    • (K-12) Intro to the NGSS: Sat, Jan 24, 9am-3pm OR Sat Feb 28, 9am-3pm
    • (6-12) Infographics: Using Data Visualization: Sat, Jan 31, 9am-3pm
    • (K-12) Unlocking the NGSS Practices: Saturdays, March 7 & 21, 9am-3pm
  • Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary and Seven Tepees Cruise!  Join us for a 3-hour naturalist-led cruise out of Half Moon Bay at the peak of Gray Whale migration. Discover the natural history of Gray whales and the unique conservation challenges posed by their 6000 mile migration, observe onboard teaching techniques, and learn how schools can get discounted whale watch trips for students. January 17, 2015 at 9:00 AM. $35/person (some scholarships available).  More information and how to register here 
  • Cal ACS Workshop for HS Chemistry Teachers: The California Section of the American Chemical Society (ACS) is pleased to announce a workshop for high school chemistry teachers on January 24, 2015 at Dominican University of California in San Rafael. Email if you think you would likely attend or to have yourself added to the Cal ACS mailing list.  Information on Cal ACS-related resources here.  
  • Exploration Station at American Geophysical Union Meeting: Bring your friends and family and do hands-on science with AGU scientists at this free public event, featuring a variety of easy, family friendly, hands-on activities with opportunities to interact one-on-one with scientists, engineers, & education specialists. Opportunities for Boy & Girl Scouts to complete merit requirements at many of the booths, and a special Kids’ Zone for our youngest visitors, featuring stomp rockets and arts & crafts activities. Arrive at noon for an expert panel about MAVEN (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution), discussing the mission science concept, science observations made during the cruise to get there, observations of Comet Siding Spring (which made a close approach to Mars in October 2014), and early observations of the Mars upper atmosphere. More information hereSunday, December 14, 1-5pm, Marriott Marquis on Mission & 4th Street.
  • Teen Advocates for Science Communication (TASC) at California Academy of Sciences: TASC teens work with Academy scientists to design and perform a variety of exciting new experiences for our museum visitors. TASC is looking for teens who are excited to learn about the natural sciences and are looking for an opportunity to share their passion for science with the public. The TASC Force program communicates science in fun and creative ways, such as ‘flashmobs’, artifact fashion shows, and games. Commitment is Saturdays or Sundays, 9:30-3:15pm: January 17 - May 16, 2015. More information & application here. Deadline is Sunday, January 4.
  • The Stanford Brain Bee for High School Students: This is a local qualifying round of the International Brain Bee (IBB), a neuroscience competition exclusively for high school students ages 14-18. The Stanford Brain Bee involves both a written component and a live oral Q&A session. In addition to the competition, students will have the opportunity to attend a presentation by a Stanford neuroscientist and speak with Stanford professors and students from the medical, biosciences, and neuroscience fields. There is no charge to register and compete. The winner of each Local Bee is invited to attend the National Brain Bee (NBB) competition in his or her own country, and the winner of each NBB is invited to compete in the International Brain Bee Championship. Information & registration here by Saturday, December 27. The Bee is Saturday, January 10, 2015 at Stanford.
  • The Joint Science Education Project (JSEP): The three-week science and cultural-exchange summer program takes place entirely in Greenland. Participants from the USA, Denmark, and Greenland live and work together while exploring current research and completing their own inquiry-based investigations. Students observe scientists as they conduct research in a wide variety of fields including biology, geology, climatology, chemistry, and engineering and also have significant hands-on experiences in field research under the guidance of professional teachers from the participating nations. JSEP is open to U.S. citizens or permanent residents in the 11th grade at the time of application submittal. Applications from underserved students are encouraged. NSF's Division of Polar Programs covers all participant costs, such as food, transportation, lodging, and instruction for students selected to participate. More information and application here. Apply by Friday, January 9.
  • Student Ocean Film Competition. The Student Film Competition is designed to give young students an opportunity to tell their story about the ocean while discovering and enhancing their skills as filmmakers. Judged by an elite jury of professional filmmakers and ocean conservationists, the top ten finalists have their films screened at a dedicated program for the competition during the film festival in Spring 2015! Submission deadline is Monday, January 9. More information and competition entry form here
  • American Youth Leadership Program: 17 Bay Area High School students ages 15-17 will travel to Hong Kong and China to develop a deeper understanding of international environmental issues, then return to the US to design and implement environmental projects at home. All major program costs including airfare, food, and lodging are covered by the grant. Additional scholarship support is available for families that need economic assistance with passport fees. Application deadline: Saturday, January 31. More information and application link here.  
  • Teen Environmental Education Mentorship (TEEM) at NatureBridge: Do you like the outdoors, environmental science, working with kids, teaching others, and making a positive difference in your community? TEEM is a paid internship in environmental education & leadership for San Francisco High School Students. TEEM participants discover their inner strengths as leaders, their ability to influence others, the importance of community, first-hand knowledge about the field of environmental education through field trips, mentorships with our professional educators, leading interactive activities with our elementary school students, & creating their own environmental teaching tools. TEEM interns will attend a 5-day summer training, work one day a week afterschool (transportation provided) on NatureBridge’s campus, September 2015 through April 2016. and participate in one weekend event per month during the school year. More information & applications are available here. Deadline is Friday, February 6.
  • Research Experiences for High School & Undergraduate Students (REHU): The Genes & Addiction NIDA Center for GWAS in Outbred Rats is offering an REHU program for qualified students to complete at summer project at a university research institute. REHU students will be matched with research mentors. During the program participants will be invited to lab meetings and seminars.  In addition, they will have access to libraries, athletic facilities, and University-sponsored events. At the conclusion of their summer project, students will produce a summary report and present their findings at a symposium. Stipends are $4,000 (undergrad) & $2,000 (high school) for ten-week projects, and can will include housing & travel. More information & application hereThe deadline is Monday, February 9.
  • The Arthritis Foundation is now accepting applications for our 2015 Summer Science Internship Program! This program places 12 outstanding students in laboratories at the University of California, San Francisco and Stanford University. Interns receive hands-on experience in the fields of rheumatology and immunology. Students can learn more about the internship and apply through our Summer Science Internship website: www.SummerScienceInternship.kintera.orgThe deadline for applications is Friday, February 20.  
  • National Science Teachers Association National Conference in Chicago, March 12-15: want to attend? Apply here to one of the many scholarship opportunities to attend. MS teacher can apply for the Hurd Award by 12/15.
  • National Science Teachers Association Regional Conferences in Fall of 2015 now accepting applications! The nearest regional conference will be held in Reno, Nevada on October 22-24. Apply here by January 15.
  • The American Association of Physics Teachers, Northern California/Nevada Section Section Conference will be at PASCO Scientific in Roseville, CA on April 24-25. Information here.
The Science Team at C & I is here to support your science education needs.  In addition to centrally-located professional development opportunities, we are available to provide on-site individual and department-wide support in:
  • Common Core Literacy Standards for Science
  • Next Generation Science Standards
  • Integrating science inquiry
  • Data-based inquiry to inform your science instruction 
  • Content and Language Objectives in Science
  • Strategies for English Language Learners
  • Curriculum development
  • Coaching
Dawn Rege, STEM High School Science Content Specialist, Division of Curriculum & Instruction
Katie Tobin, STEM High School Science Content Specialist, Division of Curriculum & Instruction
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