Patron: His Excellency General the Honourable Sir Peter Cosgrove AK MC
Governor-General of Australia
Promoting communication, networking, professionalism and advocacy in road safety
ACRS Weekly Alert No.125
This week in the Alert we have the following notices, events and news:
ACRS NEWS & EVENTS
|PRODUCTIVITY COMMISSION'S FINAL REPORT ON PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE RELEASED: REPORT DISAPPOINTING SAYS ACRS PRESIDENT LAUCHLAN MCINTOSH AM
The Australian Government recently tabled the Productivity Commission’s Final Inquiry Report into Public Infrastructure that was provided to Government on 27 May 2014.
Lauchlan McIntosh, ACRS President, responded to the release of the Report as follows:
In identifying ways to decrease infrastructure costs, it was disappointing that the report did not highlight the significance of increased investment in infrastructure road safety targets, and the considerable impact this would have on decreasing road crash/trauma costs in the longer term.
The Commission ignored the College recommendation to consider the lead taken by the TAC in Victoria to be an investor in road infrastructure ($1bn over the next 10 years) and ignored the potential to encourage other insurers and governments to invest in safe road infrastructure to reduce insurance and community costs. The comment relating to road safety benefits being a trade-off with costs of regulation and benefits was disappointing.
The College looks forward to both the BITRE Review and the National Road Safety Review reports exploring these principles in greater detail.
Further background to the Inquiry is as follows:
The Treasurer asked the Productivity Commission to undertake a comprehensive review of public infrastructure in November last year, with terms of reference that included identifying ways to reduce infrastructure costs and address barriers to private sector financing.
Improving the financing, governance and delivery of new infrastructure and the efficiency of how we use existing infrastructure in Australia is critical for boosting our productivity and economic growth.
The Commission’s inquiry specifies a number of issues including:
- the significant barriers to private sector investment;
- the need for more efficient project selection, procurement and prioritisation;
- development of more robust governance and institutional arrangements;
- improved mechanisms to fund and finance infrastructure projects; and
- benchmarking of infrastructure project costs.
Of particular interest to members
are the following excerpts from the Report:
- 8.2 Options for improving governance and institutional arrangements in the roads sector - Road fund model
The road fund would allocate revenues to projects (including for the upgrade and maintenance of existing roads) according to assessment criteria that seek to provide the highest net benefits to the community, as well as achieve other objectives, such as equity of access and road safety. There would also be public disclosure of the analysis used by the road fund to select the investment program using these criteria.
- 15.7 Road and rail construction standards and environmental requirements
... policy makers face trade-offs between the costs of regulation and the benefits they can bring. The Australian College of Road Safety offered an estimate of one in particular. It submitted:
"In 2013, the Australian Automobile Association’s (AAA) AusRAP program developed Safe Roads Investment Plans (SRIPs) for each State and Territory. Their analysis shows that a national investment of just over $4.7 billion has the potential to prevent over 36,000 fatalities and serious injuries over a 20-year period across the surveyed network. (sub.18,p.5)"
The AAA submission
included the following excerpts:
Improving road safety outcomes
"Australia also needs to factor road safety considerations into its transport infrastructure investment decisions. The national road toll remains at unacceptably high levels, with sub-standard roads being a significant contributing factor.
In 2012, 1,300 people were killed and more than 30,000 hospitalised across Australia as a result of road crashes. It is estimated that road trauma costs the community $27 billion a year, so it is essential to invest in infrastructure projects which reduce the economic and human cost of road crashes. The AAA’s research shows that almost 50 percent of motorists consider road safety to be their primary concern ahead of a host of other concerns.
The AAA, through its road assessment program, has examined the safety features of almost 22,000 kilometres of national highway. Our assessment awarded a ‘Star Rating’ of the condition of the various sections of the road network with 1-star being the least safe and 5-star being the safest.The most recent findings in 2013 found that nearly 40 per cent of the highways recorded an inadequate safety rating of only 1 or 2 stars, while the proportion of five-star roads was negligible. There is clearly scope to improve the safety of existing road infrastructure and make sure new roads meet the highest safety standards.
It is clear that the demand for travel has outstripped the capacity of the existing road and public transport networks. This causes significant congestion on both of these networks, resulting in higher costs to the community and significant impacts on the business sector. These impacts are in part due to the existing transport charging systems. The current process of charging motorists to access the road network and investing proceeds from those charges is characterised by a number of flaws. It is important that the Commission understands these flaws and their contribution to Australia’s current public infrastructure environment."
Considering the benefits of reduced road trauma in road funding decisions
"It is estimated that road trauma costs the community $27 billion per year. Reducing this figure through infrastructure investment has the potential to reduce the strain on other portfolios within the Federal Budget, such as the health sector. While infrastructure project evaluations often specify safety as a goal, the inputs used to calculate safety benefits are often inconsistent when compared to the inputs used by other government portfolios.
Currently, two key inputs - discount rates and the statistical value of life - may not be accurately evaluated when considering road infrastructure projects. Discount rates vary across government portfolios which places inherent preferences on different project types. Similarly, valuing the statistical value of life differently has the potential to lead to an inefficient allocation of funding between portfolios.
Projects across all portfolios which focus on improved health outcomes should use the same project evaluation parameters, in particular, the statistical value of life and discount rates.
The AAA’s road assessment program has identified safer roads investment plans for the nation’s national highways. Our analysis shows that an investment of $4.7 billion would save 36,000 lives and serious injuries on our highways over a 20 year period. This represents a modest investment over 20 years and will prevent a large number of crashes, reducing part of the social and economic costs of road trauma."
Download the ACRS Submission to the Productivity Commission
, the AAA Submission
and the Productivity Commission Report
2014 ACRS FELLOWSHIP AWARD: NOMINATIONS CLOSE IN LESS THAN ONE MONTH! RECOGNITION FOR EXEMPLARY LEADERS ACROSS ALL SECTORS OF ROAD SAFETY
Would you like to see one of your colleagues recognised as a leading road safety professional? Now is a perfect opportunity for College members to nominate exemplary road safety leaders for the prestigious 2014 ACRS Fellowship Award. Road safety leaders may come from any sector including (but not limited to):
- Road safety research agencies;
- Injury prevention, brain injury and neuroscience research organisations;
- Medical professionals;
- Australian Federal Government road safety & health promotion agencies;
- State and Territory road safety agencies;
- Local government agencies;
- Policing agencies (both federal and state);
- Emergency services agencies;
- Safety promotion and training agencies;
- Carer advocacy groups and associations;
- Independent road safety consultants;
- State vehicle and personal insurance agencies;
- Driving schools and instructor associations;
- Road safety advocacy groups, including motorcycles, children, youth, pedestrians, cyclists;
- Road industry groups, including vehicles, trucks, roads;
- International road safety consultants, agencies and advocacy groups;
- Fleet safety associations;
- Independent economist consultants and companies;
- Engineers & engineering associations;
- Legal firms;
- Trucking companies;
- Vehicle manufacturing companies;
- Vehicle safety advocacy and testing organisations;
- Other public or private companies interested in or working in the field of road safety;
All members are encouraged to nominate well-deserving experts, such as those listed below, for the 2013 ACRS
Fellowship award. A review of the list of current Fellows highlights the high level of expertise held by our Fellows, so we would welcome nominations for 2014.
The Fellowship will be presented at a ceremony to be held later in 2014. Nominations close 15 August 2014.
- 2013 Professor Narelle Haworth
- 2012 Ms Lori Mooren
- 2011 Mr David Healy
- 2010 No award
- 2009 Professor Barry Watson
- 2008 Professor Mark Stevenson
- 2007 Professor Raphael Grzebieta
- 2006 Mr Lauchlan McIntosh AM
- 2005 No award
- 2004 Dr Soames Job
- 2003 No award
- 2002 Mr Ray Taylor
- 2001 Mr Colin Grigg
- 2000 Professor Mary Sheehan
- 1999 Mr Ken Smith
- 1998 Dr Jim McGrath
- 1997 Dr Gordon Trinca
- 1996 Mr Peter Makeham
- 1995 Dr Michael Henderson
- 1994 Mr Frank Green
- 1993 Dr Brian Connor
- 1992 Mr Harry Camkin
The criteria for admission to Fellowship are:
2.1 The nominee must have given evidence, over a period of at least five years, of excellence in the field or fields of road safety for which the recommendation is made, such that:
- the nominee is acknowledged by colleagues and co-workers as outstanding by virtue of contributions to road safety rather than position; and
- the nominee's contributions have been of such a nature that they have occasioned or noticeably contributed to substantial growth and improvement in an important institution or organisation, body of knowledge or aspect of thought and practice associated with road safety
2.2 Nominees may be either a person engaged in research or a person who puts into practice the research findings of others but should be recognized nationally and/or internationally for their achievements.
2.3 Persons who are nominated for Fellowship should be currently practising in the field of road safety. Only in exceptional circumstances should persons who are retired or on the point of retirement be nominated. If a person is making an outstanding contribution to road safety it is recognisable during their career and should be acknowledged at that time.
Please download the 2014 Fellowship Guidelines and Nomination Form here.
ACRS NSW CHAPTER SEMINAR "AN UPDATE ON ROAD SAFETY RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN EUROPE": SYDNEY - THURS 31 JUL 2014 NEXT WEEK
The NSW Chapter warmly invites you to attend their upcoming seminar "An update on road safety research activities in Europe". The seminar features prominent researchers Professor Andrew Morris from the UK and Dr Nicole van Nes from the Netherlands.
Professor Andrew Morris is Professor of Human Factors in Transport Safety within the University of Loughborough Design School, in the UK. Andrew has 25 years’ experience in the field of road transportation safety, vehicle safety, accident investigation, crash-injury and driver behaviour research having worked previously on the UK’s Co-operative Crash Injury (CCIS) and On-the-Spot (OTS) studies. More recently, he has worked as project leader within large European consortiums on behalf of the European Commission on major road safety initiatives including the SafetyNet, PENDANT and DaCoTA projects. Andrew is also Director of Internationalisation for the Loughborough Design School.
Andrew’s presentation will describe progress in road safety in the UK over the past 25 years and stress how, given that accidents are an inevitable artefact of the road transport system, the emphasis has changed from prevention of injuries to that of prevention of accidents altogether and how knowledge from in-depth accident investigations has contributed to this change of approach.
Dr Nicole van Nes is a Senior Researcher at the Dutch National Road Safety Research Institute, SWOV, in the Netherlands. She holds an MSc degree in Industrial Design Engineering from Delft University of Technology and a PhD in Social Sciences. She has an academic background in technology and behavioural sciences, specialising in the interplay between technology and behaviour and how to stimulate the desired behaviour by design.
Nicole has been actively involved in several European Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) initiatives co-funded by the European Commission, including the INTERACTION, DaCoTA and PROLOGUE projects. Currently, Dr van Nes is the coordinator of the EC-funded, trans-European, large-scale European Naturalistic Driving Study (UDRIVE; 10M€). Her presentation will provide an overview of the project and how it is expected to support future road safety improvements in Europe.
Find more information on the Event Flyer.
MEMBER NEWS: IMPORTANT WA COURT OF APPEAL DECISION ABOUT DRIVER FATIGUE, SLEEP DEPRIVATION AND AN EMPLOYER'S DUTY OF CARE
ACRS member and senior lawyer and consultant, Mr John Bolitho, has drawn attention to a recent Court of Appeal decision which may be of interest to many members. John is currently a Senior Lawyer and Consultant at Bolitho Legal, and has many years experience across previous senior positions which have included Special Counsel at the Transport Accident Commission, Partner at Philips Fox Lawyers, and Solicitor at Hunt, O'Sullivan & Daniels. John reports as follows:
Readers interested in fatigue in the context of road safety and occupational health and safety will find the decision of the Court of Appeal in Western Australia delivered on 15 July 2014 to be compelling reading. The Court case is Fraser v Burswood Resort (Management) Ltd  WASCA 130 Ted.
The discussion of the expert evidence of an expert in sleep deprivation should be very useful to road safety and fleet safety practitioners.
Ms Fraser, an experienced Burswood Casino employee, was driving home after her night shift in pre-dawn light and was injured when her car left the sealed section of road and rolled over onto a median strip . She was very severely injured
Ms Fraser claimed that her accident was caused due to her falling asleep and that Burswood, as her employer, had breached its duty of care, which would have reduced the risk of that occurring - s5C Civil Liability Act 2002 (WA) - Civil Liability Amendment Act 2003 (WA).
The trial judge found that Ms Fraser could not prove that the crash was due to her employers breach of duty. On Appeal the Court of Appeal in WA found no error in the primary judge's finding that Ms Fraser had not established accident was caused by her falling asleep at wheel. Nor was there any error in finding that, if Burswood, as employer, had performed its duty of warning employees of the risk of falling asleep while driving home, such warning would not have altered her actions or events which occurred. Her appeal was dismissed
Read the Complete Decision
MEMBER NEWS: NEW CASR REPORT - WHAT CAN WORK HEALTH AND SAFETY LEARN FROM ROAD SAFETY?
Work health and safety (WHS) and road safety are distinctive perspectives of public health but they share much in common. Both talk of incidents rather than accidents. Both are characterised by proactive rather than reactive responses. Both suffer from a tendency to normalise levels of risk and to prefer training of individuals over system-wide, integrated approaches. As well, compliance and enforcement are important in both WHS and road safety, and their hierarchies of control share many commonalities.
A literature review and a series of workplace interviews identified where various aspects of WHS policy and practice could be reviewed in relation to the road safety experience, particularly in relation to how compliance and enforcement approaches work best, the use of rewards and incentives, making fuller use of violation data, establishing chains of responsibility, and looking beyond regulatory solutions. WHS data collection and analysis approaches could be reviewed with respect to optimising use of auditing programs and considering employing non-traditional WHS performance indicators.
View the Complete Report
MEMBER NEWS: LATEST ROAD SAFETY EDUCATION (RSE) NEWSLETTER
The July 2014 issue of the Road Safety Education (RSE) Newsletter includes the following articles:
- Fear Tactics not Supported by Research
- RYDA ....and the Survey Says?
- RoadGuide goes to Tasmania
- AMA President backs RSE as the pre-eminent provider
- News from the RSE Advisory Council
OTHER EVENTS AND OPPORTUNITIES
2014 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY IN TRANSPORT CONFERENCE: GOLD COAST - THURS 18 - FRI 19 SEPT 2014
The College is proud to support the forthcoming Occupational Safety in Transport Conference to be held on the Gold Coast on Thursday 18 and Friday 19 September 2014.
INJURY PREVENTION JOURNAL: LATEST ISSUE AUGUST 2014
Road crashes are the most common cause of work-related fatalities, injuries and absences from work in Australia, yet recent research indicates that individuals injured while driving for work were more likely to engage in safety promoting behaviours.
The study involving over 38,000 motorists, found that alcohol, fatigue and speed were less likely to be involved in work-related compared to non-work-related crashes. In contrast to past research, the finding suggests a higher motivation to conform to safe driving behaviours while driving for work. What are the implications for this, and why do road crashes remain the primary injury mechanism in the workplace? Come along to OSIT to hear more.
View the Latest Flyer, visit the Conference Website, or view the Conference Program here.
The latest issue of the Injury Prevention Journal, an international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and others in injury prevention, includes the following articles relevant to road safety professionals:
- Threat of paediatric hyperthermia in an enclosed vehicle: a year-round study
- Are parents following the recommendations for keeping children younger than 2 years rear facing during motor vehicle travel?
- Higher psychological distress is associated with unintentional injuries in US adults
- Child passenger safety practices and injury risk in crashes with father versus mother drivers
- Work-related road traffic injury: a multilevel systems protocol
Find more information on the Injury Prevention Journal Website
NTC/NHVR ROADWORTHINESS REVIEW: PHASE 1 COMPLETE
The National Transport Commission (NTC) and the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (NHVR) have completed the first phase of their joint Heavy Vehicle Roadworthiness Review, releasing a report on current roadworthiness practices earlier this week. Initiated by Australia’s transport ministers last year, the review investigates the effectiveness of the current roadworthiness inspection regimes and the National Heavy Vehicle Accreditation Scheme (NHVAS).
The first phase report includes an analysis of the NHVAS, and compares it to existing successful schemes like TruckSafe. The report does not make recommendations. Previous ATA Chair David Simon called for the review of NHVAS at the industry's premier technical and maintenance event, the PACCAR and Dealer TMC, in October last year.
You can comment on the first phase of the review by emailing RWprogram@ntc.gov.au. Read more in the Australian Trucking Association's Newsletter.
3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONNECTED VEHICLES AND EXPO: AUSTRIA, MON 3 - FRI 7 NOV 2014
Connected Vehicles is an emerging technical field which crosses multiple disciplines and industries including automotive, travel & transportation, information technology, communications, consumer electronics, industrial electronics, media & entertainment, energy & utilities, insurance, etc. By connecting vehicles with various devices, services and participants, we are able to make our mobility more enjoyable, sustainable and safe.
The 3rd annual International Conference on Connected Vehicles & Expo (ICCVE 2014) will be held on November 3-7, 2014 at the Messe Wien in Vienna, Austria. The conference serves as a premier platform that gathers all the relevant communities and domains together. Experts, practitioners and policy makers from all around the world will present the latest innovations and advances on connected vehicles, share the experience and insights, forecast the trends and opportunities, and discuss the policy, economics and social implications.
Read more on the Conference Website.
INTERNATIONAL ROAD FEDERATION EXECUTIVE SEMINAR - SAFER ROADS BY DESIGN ACROSS SIX CONTINENTS: FLORIDA - SUN 30 NOV - TUES 9 DEC 2014
The International Road Federation (IRF) "Safer Roads By Design™: Across Six Continents Seminar" is one of the most comprehensive road safety training programs in the world.
Experts from a variety of countries will present best practices and state of the art technologies in Roadside Safety, Work Zone Safety, Vulnerable User Safety, Traffic Management and Road Safety Audits over a 10-day period.
The purpose of this training program is to help road authorities understand what can be done to help them meet their U.N. Decade of Action commitment to reduce fatalities in their areas of responsibilities.
This seminar is ideal for:
- Road Authorities
- Road Design Consultants
- Maintenance Personnel
- Law Enforcement
Read the Event Flyer
for more information.
NEW SCHOLARSHIP ROUND AIMS TO INCREASE GENDER DIVERSITY ON BOARDS
The Australian Institute of Company Directors has announced it will partner with the Australian Government to offer 140 scholarships for women to undertake its courses with the aim of lifting female participation on boards and in senior executive positions.
The third round of its Board Diversity Scholarship Program has been made possible by a $650,000 grant from the Government, a contribution matched by Company Directors itself. The Government’s grant means that double the number of scholarships will be available compared to previous years, allowing more women to attend one of Company Directors’ highly-regarded governance education programs. Recipients will also receive 12 months free membership of Company Directors and, in some instances, travel and accommodation expenses.
Three types of scholarships will be offered over the next two years:
- Rural and Remote Scholarships will provide women living in rural and remote locations a full scholarship (including an allocation for travel costs) to undertake the Company Director Course to develop their executive or professional director careers.
- Board Ready Scholarships will support women who are seeking to transition from an executive career to a board career or professional non-executive directors to advance their board careers.
- Sector Development Scholarships will provide women currently working in executive roles in male-dominated sectors with support to undertake governance education aimed at developing their executive careers.
Read more on the AICD Website
FLEET SAFETY EXPERT MAGAZINE - DRIVER RISK MANAGEMENT: ISSUE 4, Q3 2014
This issue of the Fleet Safety Expert Magazine sees a name change plus some very exciting news. This issue includes the following articles:
- Free Co-Pilot Compliance Toolkit when you but your first new business Volvo
- Driving for Better Business – Why driver safety make good business sense
- Preview of the Business Driver Safety Zone at Safety & Health Expo
- New case study of a business driver and employer prosecution
- Drug and Alcohol use put your drivers, staff and others at risk
- Why visual licence checks don’t offer sufficient protection
- Transport for London outlines the issues around driving in the Capital
- Why satnav updates can save you time and money
- Why in-car dash cameras are becoming essential as having insurance
- Driver awareness workshops
- Mock Trials and our new management workshops
- How Volvo’s latest safety systems can cut your crash rate and save money
- New ways of dealing with driver distraction
- Telematics – the future of effective fleet management?
- Saving money with fuel cards
Read the Complete Magazine
AITPM YOUNG PROFESSIONALS NETWORKING NIGHT: SYDNEY - WED 6 AUG 2014
The Australian Institute of Traffic Planning and Management (AITPM) invites you to their next Young Professionals Networking Night to be held in Sydney on Wednesday 6 August 2014.
The transport industry in NSW is busy with a range major infrastructure of projects underway and on the horizon. AITPM wants to encourage young professionals and their colleagues to engage in discussion on the direction of transport in NSW and meet others in the industry in a relaxed and social environment.
For more information please contact Daniel Kwon 0430 088 214 or at firstname.lastname@example.org
, and download the Event Flyer
SECOND GLOBAL HIGH-LEVEL CONFERENCE ON ROAD SAFETY: BRAZIL - TUES 18 - WED 19 NOV 2014
On 10 April 2014 a new UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution - "Improving global road safety" - welcomed the offer of the Government of Brazil to host the Second Global High-Level Conference on Road Safety. As expressed in the UNGA resolution, the purpose of the conference is to bring together ministers of transport, health, education and interior to review progress in implementing the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 and in meeting the Decade of Action's goal.
The conference, timely due to its hosting during the final negotiations around the post-2015 development agenda, will also provide an opportunity for Member States to exchange information and best practices in road safety. It is envisioned that the conference will convene 1500 - 2000 participants, including ministers and their delegations including representatives of civil society from all countries.
Read more on the Related Event Flyer
GLOBAL ROAD SAFETY GRANTS PROGRAMME: ROUND 6 NOW OPEN - APPLICATIONS CLOSE FRI 8 AUG 2014
The Global Road Safety Partnership wishes to announce the launch of the Call for Proposals for Round 6 of the Road Safety Grants Programme.
Initiated in early 2012, the grants programme is part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Programme (formerly RS10) and is managed and administered by the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP). Proposals will be accepted from organizations working in the nine selected countries: Brazil, Cambodia, China, India, Kenya, Mexico, Russia, Turkey and Viet Nam.
The purpose of the Grants Programme is to support NGOs and strengthen their capacity to advocate for improvements in road safety policy and/or policy implementation with the aim to reduce deaths and serious injuries resulting from road crashes. Priority consideration will be given to high-quality project proposals that focus on risk factors identified by the Grants Programme in the selected nine countries.
Organizations applying must be registered and operational in the country where the proposal will be delivered. Please note that proposals from countries outside the Road Safety Grants Programme will not be considered.
Details on the Selection Criteria and Grants Proces
s can be downloaded directly in eight languages, and a set of Application Documents
is also available (in English only) for organizations who wish to apply. A List of Current Grantees
can be downloaded here, or visit the Grant Notification
for more information.
2014 PRINCE MICHAEL INTERNATIONAL ROAD SAFETY AWARD: NOMINATIONS OPEN UNTIL 5 AUG 2014
Since 1987 the Prince Michael Road Safety Awards have given public recognition to those who have improved road safety throughout Britain. Now the Prince Michael International Road Safety Awards recognise outstanding achievement and innovation world-wide.
The Prince Michael International Road Safety Awards recognise achievements and innovations which will improve road safety. Each year the most outstanding examples of international road safety initiatives are given public recognition through the scheme.
All road users, including pedestrians, drivers, cyclists, bikers and horse riders are asked to identify those whose initiatives make our roads safer and nominate them for an award. The winners of all the awards will be invited to meet HRH Prince Michael of Kent at a Gala Presentation to be held annually in December.
Please visit the Award Website for information on how to nominate.
|'Other news' outlines articles circulating in the public domain, listed in random order. Inclusion does not imply endorsement.)
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT REPORT: WHO'S USING THE ROADS - VARIATIONS IN USAGE BY DRIVERS
The Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE), which falls under the federal Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development (DIRD), has recently released a report entitled 'Who's using the roads: variations in usage by drivers'. This information sheet presents estimates of the variation in use of roads by drivers.
It finds that road use is highly unequally distributed among motorists, with most vehicles driven relatively low distances while a few drive long distances. The uneven distribution is particularly pronounced for motorcycles and ‘other’ trucks.
Use of the roads is highly unequally distributed among drivers/vehicles. This is especially so for motorcycles and ‘other trucks’ that have high numbers of very low use vehicles. But even with cars, the most equally distributed, road use is highly skewed, with most people driving relatively low distances and a few driving long distances every year.
The cost of road use is determined by four principle factors: distance driven, the weight of the vehicle, vehicle externalities (emissions, noise) and (in cities) the time of day. The implications of the distance driven distributions shown above is that road use charges that vary with distance driven will much more closely match the distribution of the first of these cost factors, rather than fixed costs.
Read the Complete Report
LOGISTICS INDUSTRY FATALITY RATE IMPROVES BUT STILL AMONGST HIGHEST
Australian workplaces have recorded the lowest number of fatalities in 11 years, according the latest Safe Work Australia (SWA) data. Despite the good news in the SWA’s Work-related Traumatic Fatalities, Australia 2014 report – that the total numbers had fallen from 227 in 2012 to 191 last year − the agency was especially concerned about the self-employed.
SWA acting CEO Michelle Baxter says it is particularly alarming "to see the fatality rate for self-employed workers is so much higher than for employees. "This report serves as a reminder that self-employed workers still have the same legal requirements as an employer to ensure their own health and safety is maintained while at work, as well as the safety of people entering their workplace. Even if a worker is conducting a business in their own right, they should not ignore their own health and safety.
The issue was put down to so many self-employed working in the highest-risk industries.
Key findings from the report include:
- The decrease in the number of work-related deaths from previous years can be attributed to fewer crashes on public roads, particularly involving workers in cars.
- The worker fatality rate in 2013 was 1.64 fatalities per 100 000 workers. Male workers had a fatality rate of 2.80 while female workers had a rate of 0.28.
- Over the 11 years of the series, one-third of workers who were killed while working died in vehicle collisions on public roads, one-third in vehicle incidents at workplaces and the remaining one-third of fatalities did not involve a vehicle.
- The Agriculture, forestry and fishing industry recorded the highest number of fatalities in 2013 (48) followed by the Transport, postal and warehousing (46), and Construction (19) industries.
- 66 members of the public died as bystanders to someone else’s work activity in 2013.
Read the Original Article and the Complete Safe Work Australia Report here.
TAS NEWS: LARGER FINES PREFERRED FOR MOTORISTS USING MOBILES
Tasmania's Road Safety Advisory Council has quashed calls to slap motorists caught using mobiles phones with double demerit points. Police have the power to dock drivers caught using hand-held phones three demerit points as well as a $300 fine.
The state's peak motoring body wants tougher penalties imposed, after a 24-hour police blitz saw 76 Tasmanian motorists fined for the offence and 56 receive cautions. The RACT said the results were disappointing and urged Tasmanian lawmakers to consider harsher penalties.
But Road Safety Advisory Council chairman Jim Cox said there was no known merit in handing out double demerit points. "I've seen no reasons or evidence to suggest it's worthwhile," Mr Cox said. "I'd much rather see fines increase than doubling demerit points."
Infrastructure Minister Rene Hidding said the government had no plans to introduce double demerit points despite the disappointing number of mobile phone-related infringements during the blitz. He said the government remained open to ideas to make the state's roads safer. "The government welcomes debate about other measures through the Road Safety Advisory Council," he said.
Opposition Leader Bryan Green said the council was best placed to evaluate possible penalty systems.
Read the Original Story here.
VIC NEWS: CYCLISTS AND PEDESTRIANS COULD BE WINNERS IN NEW $1 MILLION GRANTS PROGRAM
Victorian local governments are invited to seek funding from a new Transport Accident Commission (TAC) grants program designed to reduce deaths and injuries on local roads.
The Victorian Coalition Government has announced the new LGA Small Infrastructure Grants Program, encouraging councils to apply for money for local projects to improve safety for their community’s riders and pedestrians.
Assistant Treasurer Gordon Rich-Phillips said the program was aimed at preventing Victorians from being injured on local roads.
“This program is about encouraging local solutions to the local safety concerns of cyclists and pedestrians,” Mr Rich-Phillips said.
“Cyclists and pedestrians account for more than 1,600 injuries across the state each year. The Napthine Government recognises the value of addressing this at a local level.
“Local government authorities are well-placed to understand local issues and are connected with local community groups who understand where safety improvements are required,” Mr Rich-Phillips said.
Mr Rich-Phillips said local governments could apply for grants of up to $25,000 for planning and researching innovative safety treatments. Councils with plans already in place are eligible to apply for matched-funding grants of up to $100,000 to cover the cost of developing the new infrastructure.
TAC claims data shows that children and middle aged men are most at risk of being injured while cycling. Injuries resulting in a trip to hospital are most likely to occur at intersections (30 per cent), followed by riders being struck from behind by a car or other motorised vehicle moving in the same direction (25 per cent).
Read the Complete Press Release
MORE UK NEWS: ROAD SAFETY CHAIRMAN CAUGHT SPEEDING AND USING MOBILE PHONE WHILE DRIVING
UK NEWS: UK GOVERNMENT APPROVES SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT SCHEMES
The UK Government has given the go-ahead to 44 new sustainable transport schemes that are intended to bring environmental, health and economic benefits to communities across England. The range of schemes will include improved infrastructure for cyclists and pedestrians, better bus journeys and new and upgraded transport interchanges, allowing people to easily switch from one mode of transport to another.
The Department for Transport (DfT) is providing £64m (US$109.6m) towards the schemes in the latest round of its Local Sustainable Transport Fund, with Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEPs) investing over £100m (US$171m) of the funding they received last week as part of the Local Growth Fund. Further match funding will take the value of the package to over £440m (US$753m).
The new government funding is in addition to the £3bn (US$5.1bn) being provided for transport through the Local Growth Fund, which included £600m (US$1bn) for sustainable transport and £700m (US$1.2bn) for packages that benefit all road users.
To be considered for funding, each of the schemes had to demonstrate how they would boost economic growth, reduce carbon emissions, improve air quality and encourage higher levels of cycling and walking to improve public health. Cycling will be a key element in the projects, with all the schemes including measures to get people on their bikes through the introduction of cycle hire, maintenance and cycle hubs.
Read the Full Story here.
A councillor who promotes road safety messages admitted he was as "guilty as anybody" after being caught speeding and driving while using a mobile phone. Graham Newman, chairman of the Suffolk RoadSafe partnership, said the "slip-ups" happened months apart.
The Conservative denied they made his position untenable and said he wanted people to "learn from his experience". "They were genuine slip-ups," said Mr Newman, who has responsibility for roads. "That doesn't make it right."
In an interview with Mark Murphy on BBC Radio Suffolk, the Suffolk county councillor said he was cautioned after being seen by a police officer checking emails on his phone. "It comes down to us in the end to take responsibility for what we do behind the wheel of a car and I'm as guilty as anybody else," he told the presenter.
He admitted during the interview that he was "cross with himself" and said: "I try not to do it now." After being approached following the interview, Mr Newman said he had used "the wrong form of words".
"I always make sure my mobile phone is switched off," he said. "I admit what I did was wrong. At any point, I know you shouldn't be using a mobile phone while driving."
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MORE UK NEWS: TRANSPORT FOR LONDON PUBLISHES LONDON'S FIRST PEDESTRIAN SAFETY ACTION PLAN
Transport for London (TfL) has set out London’s first Pedestrian Safety Action, which sees actions including trials of collision detection software and “Intelligent Speed Adaptation” (ISA) technology on London’s buses.
The plan has been compiled by TfL working alongside key stakeholders and follows a consultation in the spring. Working with Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, TfL’s aim is to reduce by 40% the number of people killed or seriously injured on London's roads by 2020 with action to prioritise the safety of the most vulnerable road users: pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists.
The plan outlines 31 key actions that will directly target the key factors in collisions and help further reduce pedestrian casualties across London.
Read more about the key actions in the Original Article.
US NEWS: OREGON, WASHINGTON ROAD DEATHS PLUMMETING FASTER THAN MOST STATES
Despite growing populations and having more drivers on the road, Oregon and Washington have seen some of the nation's largest declines in traffic deaths in the past decade, according to a new study.
Between 2005 and 2012, the last year that national crash statistics were available, traffic fatalities per 100,000 residents in Oregon dropped 35.7 percent, a just-released University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute analysis shows.
That was the nation's 12th largest decline. Washington, meanwhile, registered the fifth largest reduction – 37.4 percent, the study by researcher Michael Sivak shows.
North Dakota, Montana, and Wyoming are the most dangerous states, with more than 20 deaths per 100,000 people each, Sivak's research shows.
Of course, since 2005, road safety in the U.S. has improved substantially, with the number of fatalities dropping in every state except North Dakota, Vermont and Maine. The reasons run the gamut, from widespread seat belt use and better deployment of limited police resources, to an aging population that drives less and higher safety standards in cars.
In Oregon, state transportation officials have also credited improved medical response on rural highways.
Read the Complete Article here.
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