East Asian-Australasian Flyway Partnership e-Newsletter
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No. 38
November 2016

EAAFP as a Type II Partnership

To our Partners and Supporters,

EAAFP's Partnership document explains how EAAFP was set up as a World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) Type II Partnership. I am frequently asked what does it mean to be a WSSD Type II Partnership?  So, here goes …

In recognition of the limitations of traditional inter-governmental mechanisms (the so-called Type I mechanisms) in achieving sustainable development goals, the 2002 WSSD in Johannesburg proposed the development of Type II Partnerships "characterized by collaborations between national or sub-national governments, private sector and civil society actors, to form voluntary transnational agreements in order to meet specific sustainable development goals." Type II Partnerships had to meet seven key criteria: i) they should be voluntary and based on shared responsibility, ii) they must complement, rather than substitute, intergovernmental sustainable development strategies, iii) they must consist of a range of multi-level stakeholders, preferably within a given area of work and have clear objectives, iv) they must ensure transparency and accountability, v) they must have clear targets and produce tangible results, vi) the partnership must be new, and adequate funding must be available, and vii) a follow-up process must be developed.  At the time, Type II Partnerships were seen as an innovative shift in environmental governance from traditional top-down mechanisms to more collaborative, multi-stakeholder and decentralized approaches that could be more participatory, flexible and responsive. Today, such partnerships, even if not formal Type II Partnerships are widespread and commonly accepted ways of operating.

Personally, I feel that setting up EAAFP as a Type II Partnership was quite prescient. It clearly meets the criteria. Having a clear, well defined and easily understood objective is critical. Conservation of migratory waterbirds and their habitats in the flyway is something people can easily understand and relate to. Furthermore, it clearly requires collaborative actions across national boundaries and among a very diverse set of stakeholders, from national governments to site managers and local communities. The clear objective also helps funders and supporters to see and understand what they contribute resources to.

As we look at our Partnership, it has a good balance: 17 of the 22 Flyway countries are represented and 11 diverse, international NGOs complement the government agencies. Inclusion of the global and regional inter-governmental organizations within the Partnership takes criterion ii) to a deeper level, and while there is currently only one private sector entity, this represents an opportunity for expansion in the future. What is important is that different Partners have different strengths and can "bring different things to the table."

EAAFP is still a relatively young organization, celebrating its 10th anniversary in 2016. Some issues remain. For example the recent Independent Review of EAAFP noted that for some governments, the lacking of binding obligations can pose problems to agencies used to dealing with traditional multilateral conventions. Assessing effectiveness (many migratory waterbirds are still declining and their habitats shrinking) and assuring future financial sustainability are significant challenges. Yet, as participants register for MOP9 next month, in greater numbers than ever, I feel that EAAFP is healthy and robust, and especially that levels of commitment and enthusiasm among participants are stronger than ever.

Spike Millington, Chief Executive


Partnership News

Pre-MOP9 meetings of EAAFP Working Groups and Task Forces (10 January 2017)

Workshops Anatidae Avian Influenza
  • OFFLU Network statement and guidance on HPAI H5N8
A reminder for resources:
Spoon-billed Sandpiper Articles from Saving the Spoon-billed Sandpiper:
Baer's Pochard World Wetlands Day 2017 From the Secretariat

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Related News

Flyway Network Site
New Albums are created.
Photos are added to the albums. Conservation actions Migration CEPA Paulson Institute conducts a month long wetlands awareness campaign: Threats Resources

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 Sleeping birds © Eunjin Yu

Photo credits:
Meeting of Partners © Eugene Cheah
SBS CT on his way south © Saving the Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Tagged swan © Anastasia Mylnikova
Great Knot © Wa Tsai
Sustainability education programme © St. Andrews International School Bangkok
Students visit © Eugene Cheah
Future conservation leaders © Eugene Cheah
Black-faced Spoonbills © Eugene Cheah
Benthic research in Roebuck Bay © Kandy Curran
Marine debris cleaning © Seocheon County and BirdLife International
Wigeon © Eugene Cheah
SBS ET © Du Feng-luan
New intern Ga-on © Ga-on Lee