The ILO's Work4Youth (W4Y) Project is a global partnership between the ILO and The MasterCard Foundation 
Newsletter July 2016

Dear colleagues and friends,

It is hard to believe, but after five exciting years of ambitious research, data collection and analysis, the Work4Youth project is coming to an end.

We continue to make the most of our time left to showcase the full research potential of the school-to-work transition surveys (SWTS) – now completed in 34 countries (53 surveys in total) – in additional reports and technical briefs. As it is, even with more than 45 reports published by the time the project runs out, we feel we have only scraped the surface in exploring the research questions made available in these datasets. By giving open access to all 53 national datasets, we will therefore rely on you, our readers, to spread the word regarding what the SWTS data and W4Y research can bring to your own research programmes and youth employment programme and policy designs. We count on you to keep the data alive.

This Newsletter will summarize the activities of the W4Y programme through the first eight months of 2016 and will also earmark what remains to come. Highlights include: 
  • The W4Y Publication Series will reach its 40th report in August;
  • A second Research Symposium was held in March in collaboration with IZA;
  • Specific research questions are being analysed in the new series of short Technical Briefs and for ease-of-access country findings are highlighted  in short Country Summaries;
  • Our two global databases on youth statistics and youth employment policies are continually expanding;
  • Additional regional and national workshops have taken place to present the latest research findings to government constituents and social partners.
More details on the activities of the last year are provided in this final edition of our Newsletter. Let us take this opportunity to thank The MasterCard Foundation for making this project possible and allowing us to leave behind this legacy of innovative and unique research in the field of youth employment (knowing of course that the research based on the SWTS will continue). We would also like to thank all the national statistics offices with whom we partnered in our target countries for their hard work in producing the top quality datasets and the numerous researchers who brought to light their visions though our publication series.

Thanks to all for your ongoing support.

The Work4Youth team:

Sara Elder, Valentina Barcucci, Rosemary Boamah, Marcelo Cuautle Segovia, Yonca Gurbuzer, Marco Minocri and Marco Principi
News and events
Publications update:
The W4Y Publication series includes regional reports that synthesize regional youth labour market trends, national reports that showcase the findings of the school-to-work transition surveys (SWTS) and present policy implications, as well as thematic reports, technical briefs and country summaries

To date, almost 40 national reports have been published, now including many based on the results of the second round of the SWTS. The findings of the second surveys are compared to those of the first round and the analysis is updated and expanded to supplement the portrait of the youth labour market situation presented in the first survey report. 

Latest thematic report:
Early this year, a W4Y report based on the analysis of school-to-work transition surveys  conducted in more than 30 developing countries concluded that being young and female continues to pose a double challenge for the current generation of young women looking to find decent jobs. The report titled Young and female – A double strike? Gender analysis of school-to-work transition surveys in 32 developing economies also shows that 76% of inactive (i.e. not working or looking for work), out of school youth are female. The share of female youth neither in employment nor in education or training (NEET) is 30 per cent, double that of young males. Read the related op-ed by Azita Berar Awad, Director, ILO Employment Policy Department and Ann Miles, Director, Youth Livelihoods and Financial Inclusion, The MasterCard Foundation. 

The next thematic report on the topic of youth and financial inclusion will be published in September. 

All publications are available for download on our website
Most recent publications:
Technical briefs:
The series of W4Y Technical briefs is intended to answer very specific research questions around the issue of youth employment through an analysis of the school-­to­-work transition surveys (SWTS) from 34 low­ and middle income countries.

Current briefs include:
Forthcoming briefs: 
  • Inequality of opportunity in the youth labour market: How is the Arab world different?
  • The role of internal migration in access to first job: A case study of Uganda
  • What makes a happy young worker? A comparative analysis of job satisfaction variables in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Do apprenticeships and internships open the door to stable jobs?
  • The who, what and why of the young elementary worker: Unravelling the low-skilled occupation group
  • From TVET to jobs: The labour market outcomes of technical and vocational education
  • Pathways to the world of work: What does the ILO SWTS bring to the storyline?
Research Symposium: 
The W4Y Project organized its second Global Research Symposium in partnership with the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) on 23-24 March 2016. Held in Geneva, Switzerland, this event followed the second W4Y Call for Papers on labour market transition of young women and men in developing countries, with research based on the SWTS. The event included researchers from leading research institutions and development practitioners who engaged in discussions on topics of innovative research based on the SWTS. Read more. 
Regional Workshop:

What works to enhance youth employability and ease transitions to the labour market
This regional workshop (Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 17-19 May 2016) brought
together representatives from governments, employers’ and workers’organizations from nine Sub­-Saharan countries (Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania and Zambia) as well as experts and practitioners in the
area of skills development. The event served as an interactive forum for exchange and peer learning of effective, replicable and scalable supply side initiatives that address employability, skills demand, anticipation of skills needs and the bridges between supply and demand. See agenda
Recent and forthcoming national events:

Validation workshops
The W4Y team regularly organizes national validation workshops to present the reports' main findings to the constituents of its target countries. Such events were recently held in Montenegro and Serbia, and soon will be held in the Republic of Congo and Malawi. 
Databases: YouthSTATS, YouthPOL and SWTS micro data files

Reliable national statistics on youth labour markets are now made available thanks to the  YouthSTATS database. The database, hosted on the ILOStat database, includes a comprehensive set of indicators on young people aged 15-29
year in the developing world. SWTS data are included as well as data tabulated from national household surveys in more than 50 countries.

YouthPOL, ILO’s database on youth employment policies and legislations now covers 65 countries from all regions of the world. For the first time, YouthPOL provides information on the very rich and diverse policy interventions aiming to boost youth employment in European Union countries. New and updated youth employment information for countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States is also available. Last but not least, YouthPOL’s first series of youth employment country profiles will soon be published. Look for them on the website!

School-to-work transition survey (SWTS) micro data files
The SWTS were carried out in 34 countries between 2012 and 2016. The micro data files and questionnaires are made available upon request. For more details please check our website. 
Country level work:

In Malawi, W4Y has partnered with the STED project (Skills for Trade and Economic Diversification), a global technical cooperation project funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. The result of this collaboration is WIL, a Work-Integrated Learning strategy for enhancing skills and capacity for import substitution in the vegetable sub-sector of the horticulture industry.
The main implementing partners are the Employers Association of Malawi (ECAM), the Ministry of Labour Youth and Manpower Development and the Malawi’s Technical Entrepreneurial and Vocational Education and Training Authority (TEVETA).
The first WIL training course is set to roll out as a pilot in Malawi starting on 29th July 2016. The pilot will be delivered by six private sector companies and two training institutions. With the objective to strengthen value chain-related skills needed to ensure high-quality and regular supply to young workers for the growing sector. It will focus on application of greenhouse technology.
Keeping the promise of decent work for youth (full session)

Watch: Keeping the promise of decent work for youth


The Work4Youth project has contributed to the development of the What Works in Youth Employment (WWINYE) online platform that shares evidence of effective programmes to improve youth employment around the globe. The WWINYE platform will allow users to get an understanding of the global youth employment challenge, and find out what works in Skills Training, Entrepreneurship Promotion, Employment Services and Subsidised Employment interventions. The platform will be launched in August 2016. Stay tuned! 
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