E2BEBIS - what is it about ?
E2BEBIS - Environmental and Economic Benefits from Biota Clusters in the Central Area
The main aim of the project is to increase the use of environmentally friendly technology, the biochar produced through the pyrolisis, since it is still considered a waste to dispose. Although scientific evidences are demonstrating that biochar (BC) is a pyrolysis by-product that can be exploited for several uses in agriculture and represents an interesting C-negative method, the legal framework has not been updated yet, thus preventing the full adoption of a promising technology for its contribution to GHG contrasting. The adoption of pyrolysis also represents an opportunity to explore new sustainable forms of waste management (i.e. agricultural and/or forestry residues, sludges, etc), renewable energy production as well as of production of soil amendments with higher environmental compatibility.
Biochar is a technology that can meet the requirements of carbon sequestration. When combined with bioenergy production, it is a clean energy technology that reduces emissions as well as sequesters carbon. BC is carbon-based soil addition that retains water, nutrients and microorganisms resulting in improved soil productivity through increased crop yields and reduced chemical runoff from fertilizer. BC increases crop yields and removes carbon dioxide emissions, yet its not a fertilizer, it is a stable for carbon and a permanent soil amendment.
E2BEBIS sets up a transnational strategy based on two main drivers: one for the development biochar related good practices at territorial scale in Europe, the other policy oriented.The first is concentrates to develop 7 actions in the Central area aimed at setting up regional energy clusters to run pyrolisis plants. The clusters involve all actors representing the biochar lifecycle: enterprises for biomass supplying, energy suppliers/plant management companies, energy end-users (energy suppliers and citizens), biochar end-users (farms, primary sector), investors.
The latter concerns the need to advance biochar related policy, and encourage this technology to be legally endorsed at national and EU level. Appropriate transparent lobbying measures aimed at the adoption of such clean and sustainable production and at the back-up of the development of clean energy regional clusters based on biochar are being implemented. Specific dossiers are developed and shared with the competent authorities in order to improve the regulatory framework(s).
The increase of carbon stocks
Reduction of CO2 and N2O emissions
Improvement of soil fertility enhancing agricultural yields
Co-production of clean energy that can be used instead of fossil fuel
Developing 7 regional energy clusters adopting BC technology, based on the use of available biomass
Less stress on local environment through the use of available biomass
Sustainable increase of crop yields by removing carbon dioxide emissions from the soil
Biomass resides can be used as fuel in properly designed pyrolitic gasifier
Setting up and implementing appropriate governance measures aimed at the adoption of biochar and encouragement of clean energy regional clusters
The target groups are enterprises – biomass producers, energy suppliers and end users, institutions and public authorities, scientific organizations, technological actors, farms and the agriculture sector, ministries and national authorities
The project runs from June 2012 till November 2014